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GLOSSARY
Parts of the Blade Sword Movements

Ha

Mune

Hamon

Jigane

Shinogi

Shinogi ji

Kissaki

Monouchi

Hi

Sori

Nakago

cutting edge of the sword (convex)

back edge of the sword (concave)

tempered area/line on blade

area between hamon and shinogi

line separating jigane and shinogi ji

area between shinogi and mune

tip of the sword

cutting area of the ha

groove on side of blade

curvature of the blade

tang (part of blade inside the handle)

Waza

Kata

Nukitsuke

Kiritsuke/nukiuchi

Kiriotoshi/Kiri kudashi

Makko

Yoko giri

Kesa giri

Kiriage

Tsuki

Uke nagashi

Furi-kaburi

Saya biki

Hakama sabaki

Saya banari

Chiburi

O-chiburi

Yoko chiburi

Chinugui

Noto

Techniques

form

draw & cut - horizontal

committed cut

finishing cut

vertical cut

horizontal cut

diagonal cut down

diagonal cut up

thrust to throat or body

receive and deflect

recovery from nuki to jodan

pulling saya back on cut

removing hakama from ankles

moment sword tip leaves saya

blood wiping, shaking

large, circular chiburi

side chiburi

blood wiping on hakama

return sword to scabbard

Koshirae Sword Fittings Kamae Stances/Postures

Tsuka

Tsuka kashira

Tsuba

Habaki

Seppa

Fuchi gane

Tsuka ito

Same

Menuki

Mekugi

Mekugi ana

Saya

Koiguchi

Kojiri

Kurigata

Sageo

handle

end of handle, fitting at end

guard

fitting on blade next to tsuba

washers on each side of the tsuba

fitting on tsuka next to tsuba

laced wrapping on handle

sharkskin wrapping on handle

"charms" on handle

peg holding handle to tang

peg hole

Scabbard

mouth of scabbard

end of scabbard

knob on scabbard

cord on scabbard

Shizentai

Chudan

Gedan

Jodan

Hasso

 Waki

Hanmi

Sei tai

Iai Goshi

natural standing position

mid level

lower level

upper level

kissaki back, pointed up

kissaki to back & down

sideways posture

facing forward, hips square

stable position, hips lowered

Types of Swords Iai Gi Iaido Clothing

Katana

Wakizashi

Daisho

Gunto

Shinto

Koto

Tachi

Iaito

Shinken

Bokken/bokuto

long sword, mounted edge up

short sword

long and short sword worn together

sword made just prior to and during WW11

new sword - made 1600 to 1870

old sword made pre 1600

old style sword, mounted edge down

training sword (aluminum blade, not sharp)

real sword (steel blade, usually sharp)

wooden sword

Keiko gi

Uwagi

Juban

Hakama

Himo

Koshi ate

Obi

Tenugui

Zori

Tabi

Kimono

Kamon

Montski

training uniform

practice jacket/top

under gi

pants/skirt

straps used to tie hakama

back panel on hakama

belt

hand wiping cloth

Japanese sandals

Japanese "socks"

Top with wide sleeves

Family crest

Kimono with kamon

Ashisabaki Footwork Holding the Sword

Mae

Ato

Okuri ashi

Tsugi ashi

Ayumi ashi

Hiraki ashi

forward step

step back

forward foot leads, back foot catches

half step, rear foot to front, front moves forward

cross step

side step

Te no uchi

Kiri te

Shinite/nobite

Tomete

Katate giri

Morote giri

Soete

Hasuji

Grip on sword handle

cutting hand

dead hand - weak grip no cut

block, stop grip

one handed cut

two handed cut

one hand on tsuka, one on blade

blade angle


Other Terms
Etiquette

Mokuso

Seiza

Tate hiza

Kiza

Rei

Hajime

Yame

Naore

Ushiro

Taijo

meditation

sit on both knees

sit on one knee

sit on toes

bow

start, begin

stop

return to shizentai

turn to the rear

return after finishing shiai/match

Saho

Reiho

Keito shisei

Torei

Shomen ni rei

Otagai ni rei

Za rei

Ritsu rei

Taito

Datto

Arigato gozaimasu

Etiquette

Bowing etiquette

holding sword at left side

bow to sword

bow to front

bow to each other

sitting bow

standing bow

putting sword in belt

taking sword from belt

thank you

Types of Practice Dojo Training hall

Keiko

Kihon

Mi tori keiko

Taikai

Shiai

Tameshigiri

Embu

Tan ren

learn old style (practice, training)

basics

watching practice

competition

competitive matches

test cutting on targets

demonstration

hard training

Shomen

Kamiza, shinzen

Ryu

Koryu

Ko hai

Sempai

Yudansha

Sensei

front of dojo

shrine, alter in dojo

school, lineage

old school

junior student

senior student

student with dan rank

instructor/teacher

The Swordsperson Concepts

Teki

Ashi

Migi

Hidari

Hara

Suigetsu

Te

Tanden

opponent

foot

right

left

abdomen

solar plexus

hand

centre of balance below navel

Ki

Kime

Seme

Kokyu

Ma ai

Ma

Metsuke

Enzan no metsuke

spirit, energy

focus at finish

pushing feeling, pressure

breathing

spatial distance

temporal distance

gaze, look

gaze at the far mountain

Jodo Terms
JO A wooden staff (L=128cm, Diam=2.4cm
Joseki The tip of theJo
Rei Bow
Sage Jo (lowered Jo) LStanding position with tip lowered to point at the floor, with the other end touching the back of the right shoulder
Kamae Postures or "ready stances"
Tsune no Kamae holding the centre of the jo in the right hand, at the right side of the body, forward tip at navel height, slight angle in.
Honte no Kamae normal hand grip, body position is ya ya hanmi
Gyakute no Kamae reverse hand grip, body position is ya ya hanmi
Hiki otoshi no Kamae side position kamae, jo follows the line of the back leg, body position is ma hanmi
Kamae o toku release posture on the sword side, similar to gaedan,  the tip points outside of the opponents left knee
ya ya hanmi partial sideways position, the chest points to a diagonal about 30 degrees from the opponent
ma hanmi full sideways position, the chest points 90 degrees from the opponent.
tachi sword
uchidachi sword side
shidachi jo side
Kihon basics
Kihon Tandoku solo basics practice
Kihon Sotai Partnered (paired) basics practice
Sogo ni rei bow to each other