The Parish Register of Kingston Upper Canada 1785-1811 Edited with Notes and Introduction BY A. H. YOUNG [Archibald Hope Young, 1863-1936] of Trinity College, Toronto For The Kingston Historical Society Kingston, Ontario. The British Whig Publishing Company Limited 1921. Contents
Preface Pages Introduction The First Rector The First St. George's Church The Benefactors Notes on the Benefactors Church Wardens Vestry Men Clerks and "Saxtons" Pewholders 1794-1811 Baptisms Marriages Funerals
Illustrations:
The First St. George's Church Portraits of Dr. and Mrs. John Stuart
Abbreviations
C.J Chief Justice Ch Children D Daughter Knt Knight L.C Lower Canada M Married Pd Paid R.C.V. Royal Canadian Volunteers Regt Regiment S Son Sp Sponsors S.P.G Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts T.P.L Toronto Public Library T.R.L Toronto Reference Libtary U.C. Upper Canada U.E Unity of the Empire U.E.L United Empire Loyalist U.S.A United States of America Vet Veteran W Witnesses
Preface
THIS edition of Dr. John Stuart's Parish Register is a byproduct, so to speak, of studies for the Life of Bishop Strachan, which is presently to appear. As Strachan called Stuart "my spiritual father," it was necessary to learn as much as possible about the latter. This the Reports, Journals, and other publications and records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts rendered practicable. Accordingly the best thanks of the Editor are due to the keeper of the records, Mr. C. F. Pascoe, and to his assistant, Miss Moore. To Dr. O'Callaghan's Documentary History of the State of New York, in Volume IV of which is to be found a memoir of Stuart, the Editor is much indebted, as he is to the Duke de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt's Travels, which respectively he was able to consult in the library of Trinity College and of Victoria College, Toronto. O'Callaghan's memoir served evidently as the basis of the accounts of Stuart given by Dr. Canniff in his Settlement of Upper Canada. A transcript of the memoir, by various hands, is in the possession of the Historical Society of the Counties of Lennox and Addington. Three other books which have been of very great service are the late Canon Scadding's Toronto of Old, the late Mr. John Ross Robertson's History of Freemasonry in Canada, and Mr. E. M. Chadwick's Ontarian Families. To Mr. J. R. Roaf, K.C., the Editor expresses his sense of obligation for the opportunity of making use of the manuscript containing his grandfather the late Bishop Richardson's reminiscences. For the help extended to him by the staff of the Toronto Reference Library, especially by Miss Staton, the Editor is most grateful. The collection in that library which was of the greatest value to him was that known as the D. W. Smith Papers. Various treasures of the library of Queen's University and of that at McGill were generously placed at the Editor's disposal. Among the latter was Joseph Frobisher's Diary of my Dinners, in manuscript; among the former a Letter Book of the Hon. Richard Cartwright, M.L.C., and the fyle of the Kingston Gazette. At the Court House in Kingston access was allowed to the original records of the Sessions of the Peace for the Midland District, which have been published in large part by Dr. Adam Shortt, Chairman of the Commission of Public Documents of Canada. To Dr. Shortt for his very great kindness in permitting him to peruse several Letter Books of the Hon. Richard Cartwright, the Editor is under deep obligation. To Mr. J. P. Gildersleeve, Registrar of Deeds for Kingston, he tenders his thanks for information in regard to early registers of land in the city. To various private persons the Editor is obliged for their courtesy in giving several bits of valuable information. Due acknowledgement will be found to have been made in the text or in the notes; but special mention ought to be made of Mrs. Evans, of Brockville, Mrs. Bennett, and Miss Macaulay, of Kingston, Madame Beaubien, of Outremont, P.Q., Mr. Arthur C. Hardy, of Brockville, Lieut.-Col. W. S. Buell, D.S.O., of Vancouver, the Revd. A. Oldacre Cooke, of Barriefield, the Revd. Canon Fitzgerald, of St. Paul's Church, Kingston, and Mr. George Todd, of Yonkers, N.Y. The present and former keepers of the Archives of the Diocese of Ontario (Canon Jones and Canon Grout), the late Chancellor of the Diocese, the Dean of the Cathedral, and his recent Priest-Vicar, the late and present Bishops of Ontario have all been unvarying in their kindness. The Dean's little book "Old St. George's" has been most helpful; and so has Miss Macbar's "Old Kingston." Mrs. Edwin Loucks very kindly furnished a copy of the manuscript of Dr. Stuart's only sermon that is known to be extant. Nd work of this kind can be adequately done without frequent visits to the Provincial Archives in Toronto and to the Public Archives of Canada at Ottawa. To Col. Alexander Fraser and Miss McGillivray of the former, as to Mr. William Smith, I.S.O., and Mr. H. R. Holmden of the latter the Editor is deeply grateful for their help. The plans of the city and township of Kingston were drawn by Mr. Holmden from the originals at Ottawa. Mr. Pierre Georges Roy, till recently representative of the Archives in the city of Quebec, was untiring in his efforts to give effective help. In conclusion, the Editor expresses his gratitude to Dr. Edgar Smith, Ex-Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Stuart's alma mater, for material bearing upon the early part of his career; to the Secretary of Columbia University; to the President and the Librarian of Harvard University for notes on Dr. Stuart's eldest son, George Okill Stuart; and to the Librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society for clearing up certain points relating to this son's marriages. The Editor is only too well aware of the fact that lack of intimate local knowledge of the city of Kingston, and of the parts of the Province immediately contiguous to it, has tended to hamper him in his work, as have the demands of various kinds of duties which have pressed upon him since he first promised to edit the Register. Corrections and additional information he will be glad to receive, for the beginnings of our settlement in their various aspects possess the greatest possible interest for him. Kingston, the aristocrat among our Ontario cities, if one may so speak, must always make a strong appeal to anyone who cares for the origins of society, government, commerce, education, and organized religion in this Province. Trinity College, Toronto, February 4, 1921.
The Parish Register of Kingston 1785-1811
THE Parish Register of Kingston kept by the Revd. John Stuart, the first missionary of the Church of England in this Province, covers the years 1785 to 1811, the whole period of his rectorship. Defective though it is in places, by reason of the loss of two pages and the forgetfulness of the Rector in the matter of transcribing entries from the note-books in which he made them originally, the Register is still intensely interesting. Not only was it the first such register to be kept in Upper Canada, but it recorded in large numbers the names of inhabitants of the Province other than those whose domicile was in Kingston, the Rector, as a missionary and as Bishop's Official, travelling up and down between Point au Bodet and the Onondaga reserve on the Grand River, to preach and baptize, to perform marriages and bury the dead. Important though Kingston was from the time of the coming of the Loyalists, and even before that, this its earliest Register has, it can thus be seen, an interest which far transcends the limits of the city. In the marriages can be traced, as perhaps in no other Register, not excepting even those of Niagara, York, or Ernesttown and Fredericksburg, the beginnings of the famous "Family Compact." Military men, Naval officers, judges, magistrates, members of the Legislature, doctors, merchants, traders, farmers are all found, whether they were Loyalists or French-Canadians, immigrants from the British Isles or from the United States, or loyal Mohawk Indians. Among the Loyalists appear German names in abundance with a few which seem to be of Dutch origin. The religious affiliations were probably as various as the nationalities and as the countries whence the settlers came. Chief among the personages mentioned in the Register are Major-General Sir Isaac Brock, Col. Samuel Smith, subsequently an Administrator of the Province, Bishop Strachan, still unordained and a schoolmaster at Kingston, Bishop Fuller, the Hon. Ephraim Jones, the Hon. Charles Jones, and William Buell, the Hon. William Allan of York, Michael Grass, the founder of Kingston, so to speak, and Mrs. Mary Brant, "the elder sister of the Mohawk nation," who regarded herself, not without reason, apparently, as the relict of Sir William Johnson. Nor can mention be omitted of the Forsyths, Herchmers, Marklands, Macaulays, and Cartwrights, who did a vast deal toward laying the foundations of the little community which was to have so great an influence upon the history of the Province and of the Dominion. General Brock, who was often in Kingston in the discharge of his civil and military duties, appears as godfather to Bishop Fuller, son and grandson of military men. Col. Smith, as will be presently shewn, was allied with the Clark family, from which Dr. Gamble also got his wife. Bishop Strachan, as has been already indicated, began his Canadian career as the schoolmaster of Kingston. He was also tutor to the children of the Hon. Richard Cartwright, becoming godfather to Stephen. It was in Kingston that he trained two future Chief Justices (James Stuart, of Lower Canada, and John Beverley Robinson, of Upper Canada) together with the Hon. Andrew Stuart, who at the time of his death, in 1840, was Solicitor-General of Lower Canada. It was there too that Strachan won the reputation which attracted pupils to his school in Cornwall from the date of his ordination, in 1803, to the time of his removal to York, in the summer of 1812. With Kingston Strachan remained in close touch during his Cornwall period and afterwards, very kindly references to the city and its first Rector being found in the journal of his first Episcopal visitation of the Diocese of Toronto in 1840. He would have liked to succeed Dr. Stuart in the rectorship in 1811, but, on learning that Mrs. Stuart desired the appointment of her son, George Okill Stuart, he begged his friends to cease making any efforts in his behalf. In the Kingston Gazette, to which, under the name of "Reckoner," he was a contributor, there is an advertisement, in the issue of November 19, 1811, of "books just received from Montreal." Among these are an Arithmetic by Strachan; his "Discourse on the Character of King George the Third. Addressed to the Inhabitants of British America," and his Sermon on the Revd. John Stuart, D.D. To Dr. Stuart, Strachan looked up as his "spiritual father," as he himself phrased it in "A letter to the Revd. Thomas Chalmers, D.D. . . . . on the Life and Character of The Right Reverend Dr. Hobart, Bishop of New York." With Stuart the young schoolmaster, who had already attended some classes in the Faculty of Divinity at St. Andrew's University, continued to read theology; and by him he was prepared for ordination. Long after Stuart's death Strachan used to call him the "Father of the Church in Upper Canada," a title which he well deserved, not only because of his own labours but also because of the fatherly counsel and oversight which he bestowed upon his younger brethren in the ministry. Through Messrs. Cartwright and Hamilton, whose commercial, social, and political connections extended from Quebec to Detroit and beyond, Strachan's standing in the community was assured from the moment of his arrival in Upper Canada. His marriage, which was a very happy one, allied him to the Loyalists and to the Hon. James McGill of Montreal, Mrs. Strachan having been the widow of Mr. Andrew McGill (a partner of his brother James) and a daughter of Dr. Wood of Cornwall. This Loyalist connection was further strengthened by the marriage of three of his children with members of the Jones family of Brockville and of the Robinson family of Toronto. These connections, added to his native abilities and boundless energy, to say nothing of the devotion of his pupils in Kingston, Cornwall, and York, and the signal service which he rendered to the country during the war of 1812, gave him a well deserved influence and authority in the community. This authority and influence his political opponents of the Twenties and Thirties felt to be irksome but they did not fully appreciate the strength of the foundations upon which they rested or the consummate skill with which they were exercised. One of Strachan's faithful co-workers in matters pertaining to education and the Church of England was Dr. Thomas Brock Fuller, from 1875 to 1884, the first Bishop of Niagara. The older man had known the younger's father and mother, Major and Mrs. Fuller, before their marriage; and with the latter he had many a time danced. He had also had the benefit of her good offices when things were not going so smoothly as he could have wished between him and a sister of hers, whom at the time he deeply admired. In due course General Brock's godson was enrolled as a pupil at the Grammar School of York after Strachan, through the General's action, had become Rector of the school and of the parish. From one preferment to another Fuller was advanced, both before and after Strachan's elevation to the episcopate, till he was made an archdeacon. In 1866 he was the favourite of the lay delegates at the election of a coadjutor to Strachan. The clergy supported just as strongly the Provost of Trinity College, the Revd. George Whitaker, so that, after eight ballots had been taken in vain, a compromise on Archdeacon Bethune was effected. Kingston having always been an important military depot, it is interesting to know what units were quartered there in the period under survey. Those mentioned in the Register are the 5th, 41st, 60th, and 100th, together with the Queen's Rangers and the Royal Canadian Volunteers, which were raised for Provincial purposes only. Among officers military and naval who were quartered or settled in the Province after serving in the Seven Years' War, the American Rebellion, or the War of 1812, were Major-General Sir Isaac Brock; Cols. William Johnson and Samuel Smith; Commodores David Betton and John Steel; Majors Thomas Richard Fuller, Holt Mackenzie, and Robert Mackenzie; Capts. W. Atkinson, James Baker, Beaubien, Belton [Betton], John Cummings [Cumming], Hugh Earl, Poole England *, James Enright, Richard Frend, Thomas Fuller, Holt McKenzie, Hector McLean, Neal O'Donnel, R. T. Porter, James Richardson, Thomas Robison, David Rome, Theophilus Samson, Shank, John Sinclair, and John Steel; Lieuts. Elijah Bottom, Daniel Campbell, Patrick Campbell, Peter L. Chambers, Patrick Corbet, Henry Hollsall (or Halsall), David Hopkins, William Mackay, John McGill, Alexander Murray, William Patten, Ormsby Smith, Thomas Stanton; Ensigns Thomas Chettle, Matthew Gould, Christopher Robinson, Joseph Thomson; and Sergeant Evans. In this list no distinction has been made between the two services. Some of the naval officers entered the merchants' service and some were employed in the Provincial Marine. [*Declan Barron has further information on Poole England.] Of the medical men commemorated in the Register some were undoubtedly in the Army before going to Kingston or the vicinity. Among them were Drs. John Boyd, David Fleming, John Gamble, David Kennelly, James Latham, Robert Richardson, Anson Smith, and Aston Smith, the last two being in all probability one and the same. Robert Macaulay and Thomas Sparham would appear not to have followed their profession in Kingston. The Revd. R. Q. Short, according to a letter from Dr. Stuart to the S.P.G. bearing date August 31, 1797, was temporarily practising medicine, having recently arrived in the Province with a wife and seven children without obtaining employment in his own calling. Subsequently he secured a parish in Lower Canada, but an entry In the records of the Sessions of the Peace for the Midland District, under date of April 26, 1797, shows that it was ordered "that the sum of £11, 6, 3 be paid by the Treasurer to Mr. R. Q. Short, being so much of his account allowed for his attendance on Terence Dunn."
The First Rector
THE most interesting name in the Register is that of the Revd. John Stuart, D.D., who was Bishop's Official, or Commissary, from 1789 to 1811 under Dr. Charies Inglis, first Bishop of Nova Scotia, and Dr. Jacob Mountain, first Bishop of Quebec. From 1770, the year of his ordination by the Bishop of London, who then had jurisdiction over all colonial clergy in all parts of the world, down to 1777 he was actively engaged as an Indian missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts at Fort Hunter in the Province of New York. For ordination he had been recommended by the clergy of the Province of Pennsylvania. The event had been delayed for several years because he had not wished to go counter to the wishes of his father, who was a Presbyterian of the Cameronian (or highest) type. The father, seeing the perseverance of the son in his desire to enter the ministry of the "Protestant Episcopal" Church, gave his hearty consent, so far as can be judged from the statement contained in Dr. Strachan's sermon, already mentioned.* *A copy of this sermon is to be found in the library of Trinity College, Toronto, having been presented by the late Canon Scadding, first Rector of Holy Trinity church, Toronto. The title page bears the imprint: "Kingston, Upper canada: Printed by Charles Kendall. September 1811." Andrew Stuart, the father, who claimed descent from the Royal Stuarts, had emigrated from the neighbourhood of Omagh, in the County of Tyrone in Ireland, in or about the year 1730, accompanied, it is said, by one or two brothers, like himself, it would appear, exiles for religion's sake. He settled at Paxton, Pennsylvania, which, according to the account given by Francis Parkman in "The Conspiracy of Pontiac," must have been strongly Presbyterian in its complexion. John, Andrew's eldest son, was born February 24, 1740 (old style) and was educated at the College of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated with the degree of B.A. in 1763, the year of the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which brought Canada, his future home, under the dominion of Great Britain. His M.A. he took in 1770, the year of his ordination, the seven intervening years having been devoted to schoolmastering in his native county of Laucaster, Pa. There can be little doubt that it was through the influence of Provost Wilbam Smith, who had himself taken Holy Orders in the Episcopalian Church of Scotland, that Stuart made the change in the form of his belief. The Provost took very seriously, it appears, the duty of attending to the religious instruction of the students of the College, for he is said, among other things, to have assembled them in the College Hall on Sunday evenings for the purpose of hearing lectures on the Bible and related subjects. Among the friends whom Stuart made at this period was William White, subsequently Rector of Philadelphia and first Bishop of Pennsylvania. With White he corresponded for many years, as can be seen by a reference to the memoir contained in Volume IV of Dr. O'Callaghan's Documentary History of the State of New York (pp.505 to 520).* To this intimacy apparently Stuart owed the honorary degree of D.D., which his College or University bestowed upon him in the year 1799. *Mr. O'Callaghan, who was one of Papineau's adherents at the outbreak of the Rebellion in Lower Canada, has to be read with due care when he touches upon the Revolutionary war. He tries to prove that the S.P.G. Report was in error in its statements in regard to the treatment meted out to Stuart by the Republican authorities, whereas these statements are based upon Stuart's own letters. Though O'Callaghan was evidently in communication with Stuart's sons, he made some minor mistakes, such as alleging that George Okill Stuart, the Archdeacon of later days, was educated at Cambridge, England, whereas he studied at and received his degree from Harvard. On becoming missionary to the Mohawks, Stuart was brought into very close relations with Sir William Johnson and his son and successor in the baronetcy, Sir John Johnson, whose name is perpetuated in Johnson Street, Kingston. From Sir William he received encouragement in the work of his mission and a fairly liberal support. After taking up his residence in Canada, Stuart found invaluable the patronage of Sir John, who secured for him the chaplaincy of the 2nd Battalion of his Royal Regiment of New York. Three other persons with whom Stuart was brought into contact at Fort Hunter were Mary and Joseph Brant and Dr. Charles Inglis, the future Bishop of Nova Scotia, who was from 1764 to 1777 Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New York, and Rector from 1777 to 1783. Inglis and Dr. Auchmuty, his chief at Trinity Church, interested themselves in the publication of the Mohawk translations of the Prayer Book and portions of the Scriptures which Stuart had made with the help of Joseph Brant. Owing to the political disturbances, however, publication was deferred till 1787, when a preface was furnished, as is generally understood, by Dr. Inglis some months before his consecration as Bishop. Inglis' correspondence with the S.P.G. shows that Stuart's position between 1777 and 1781 was not by any means an enviable one, he being under surveillance, if not actually in prison, at Schenectady. Unable to draw his salary and driven from his farm, he was not allowed to earn a living by teaching a Latin School, which he himself stated he had asked leave to do. At length he was permitted to depart for Canada in 1781 with his wife and their three small sons, George, John, and James. The understanding was that he should send in exchange "One prisoner out of four nominated by the Governor, viz., one Colonel, two Captains, and one Lieutenant, either of which will be accepted in my stead. Or, if neither of the prisoners aforesaid can be obtained, I am to return as a prisoner of war to Albany when required." First of all he had to give security to the amount of £400. In St. John's, where he tarried for a brief space, and at Montreal he found many other Loyalists in as evil case as himself. In the latter place, with which several of his descendants are still connected, he, his family, and his servants drew their Government rations like all the other refugees, as the Haldimand Papers show. But not content to be burdensome to anybody, he obtained from the Governor an appointment as a schoolmaster. On this, small though the salary was, and on his Chaplain's pay, together with his stipend from the Society, which he was now able again to draw, he managed to subsist in comfort. For a short time he acted as "Evening Lecturer" in the parish of Montreal, there being some dissatisfaction on the part of the parishoners with their French-speaking Rector, the Revd. D. C. deLisle, who, in spite of his being in every respect a man of irreproachable character, could not be "understanded of the people" because of his imperfect command of English in the pulpit. The necessity for a change was presently emphasized by the "Scotch" taking up a subscription for a minister and securing the services of the Revd. John Bethune,* late Chaplain to the 84th Regiment, or Royal Highland Emigrants. *Mr. Bethune, who had up to the time of becoming pastor of the "Scotch" Church attended the services of the church of England in Montreal, removed after a few years to williamatown, in Upper Canada, where he continued to minister to a large district, in which was included Cornwall, down to the year of his death, 1815. His eldest son, John, was for many years Rector of Montreal and in later life Dean. He was also ex officio Principal of McGill College, residing at Burnside, which had been the Hon. James McGill's country house before being bequesthed to the College. A younger son, who, like the elder brother, was a pupil of Dr. Strachan at Cornwall, not at Kingston, as Col. Clark asserts in his Reminiscences, became Bishop of Toronto, as already stated. Donald Bethune, if not others of Mr. Bethune's descendants, appears to have been connected with Kingston a a later date. Not minded to wait for a change in these arrangements in regard to Church services at Montreal, which was effected only in 1789 on the occasion of the visitation of the Bishop of Nova Scotia, Mr. Stuart, with the approval of the Venerable Society, set out in June, 1784, on a prospecting tour in the western portion of the Province of Quebec. He went as far as Fort Niagara (now in the State of New York), where he found a considerable portion of the band of Mohawks who had constituted his charge at Fort Hunter. They already had a Church, which had been provided for them by General Haldimand, and they urged him to take up his abode with them again. To their entreaties were added the solicitations of the white settlers, foremost among whom were Col. Butler, famous on account of his Rangers, and the Hon. Robert Hamilton, at one time the Hon. Richard Cartwright's partner. All things considered, Stuart came to the decision to fix himself at Kingston, which he visited on the way up and on the way down, as everybody had preforce to do in those days when he took a trip to the "Upper Country." Notwithstanding the date of the first entry in the Register, Stuart did not remove from Montreal till July-August, 1785, but he continued to teach his school in the metropolis throughout the winter. This Government Warrant Books prove, as well as affidavits among the records of St. George's Cathedral, taken many years subsequently in the famous affair of the dispute over the burying-ground. He had looked over Sorell (sic), St. John's, and Chambly, the Society having left him absolute freedom of choice of location for a mission, but he had not seen in them the same promise for the future as he saw at Cataraqui. In the last-mentioned he found greater security and greater convenience for his family than at Niagara. "The situation of this settlement," he wrote to the Society on his return to Montreal, on the 17th of July, 1784, "is very beautiful, and as there are at present as many Loyalists at Cataraqui, as will occupy the Coasts as far as the Indian boundaries,* it is probable it will soon become a place of consequence." *The first map of Upper Canada shows Indian lands separating the East and West Ridings of York and covering approximately the territory now comprised in the counties of Peel, Halton, and part of Weutworth. In 1784 the "Indian boundaries" began at the eastern limit of Northumberland. Here he was, not "passing rich" on £50 a year, with an increasing family to support, amid settlers who, like himself, had lost nearly, if not quite, all of their possessions in the recent rebellion. Till Government should come to his relief, which it presently did by granting him a stipend of £100, the Society increased its allowance to £70 a year. Besides, he received pay as chaplain to the garrison, an office to which he was appointed by General Haldimand, partly through the intervention of the Venerable Society. In this position he received the approbation of no less a personage than H.R.H. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who, as Commanderln-Chief of the Forces in British North America, at a subsequent date, ordered that Stuart should be continued in that duty, although he was leaving appointments of chaplains at other posts to the discretion of Officers Commanding. In addition to the military and the civilians in Cataraqui and the neighbourhood Stuart had charge of the Indians at Tyendinaga, whom he (and his son after him) visited more or less regularly. Of their Church, schools, lay-readers, and schoolmasters he makes frequent mention in his correspondence. As early as 1785 these Mohawks, who were less worldly-wise than their brethren on the Grand River, had begun to build a Church at their own expense, whereas Joseph Brant had stipulated that Governor Haldimand should bear the cost of erecting one for his hand on their removal from the neighbourhood of Niagara. Yet it was the 3rd of February, 1791, before Stuart could report that the Tyendinaga Church was so far finished that he could hold service in it. To hasten the completion of it, the Society made a liberal contribution, which was expended under the supervision of the Hon. Richard Cartwright. In 1798 the Church was rebuilt and enlarged by Government, thanks to the liberality of General Prescott. Then the King's Arms, the Creed, and the Commandments formerly sent over from England were placed over the Communion Table. The first schoolmaster among the Mohawks at Tyendinaga was one Vincent, and the second Peter. Then came in succession John Norton, a Mr. Benniger or Binniger, who seems to have had leanings toward Methodism, Robert Tait, William Bell, and John, the son of the principal Chief. John acted also as lay-reader but apparently he died within a year of taking office. The earliest mention of a lay-reader at the mission is that of Thomas, who had been Stuart's clerk at Fort Hunter. In 1790 he was holding a weekly service. In 1798 this duty was being performed by a son of the principal chief, who was a godson of Dr. Inglis, Bishop of Nova Scotia. Whether this was John already mentioned, it is impossible to say. If it was, he was duly succeeded by another John in 1809. Fully sensible of his own inability to do for the Indians what they needed, Stuart kept urging the Society, especially from October, 1800, on, to make provision for a resident missionary. Such a one, he pointed out, could also minister profitably to numerous whites who had settled in the neighbourhood of the reserve. Education of their children was one of the things which the settlers throughout the Province most desired. Here and there in different parts of the settlements schools appear to have been erected, but how far they were used it is difficult to estimate. In Kingston, through the paternal oversight of General Hope, who was then Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Quebec, a school-house had been erected in 1786 and provision made for an assistant master, Stuart himself, with the permission of the Society, taking temporary charge of it. The poor were taught gratuitonsly, a small fee being exacted of the others. All told, there were thirty pupils enrolled, according to Stuart's letter of the 26th of September, 1786. On the 23rd of February, 1789, the school was said to be in a flourishing condition and to be under the care of Mr. Donovan. He had been engaged for four years, one of which had already elapsed. In October of the same year the school was "on a respectable footing," though it was dependent on the tuiton money and on a small "annuity" given by Stuart himself. At the head of these letters of 1789 and of those written in 1788, Kingston appears along with Cataraqui, which for long enough was the name of Lake Ontario, the upper reach of the St. Lawrence, and the tract of land stretching from the head of the Bay of Quinte eastward. The establishment of Courts of justice is noted in the earlier letter of 1789 already referred to, hut no mention is made of the fact that Stuart himself had been offered a judgeship* and had refused it. *Quebec Privy council Book E, June 24, 1788. The great event of the year 1789 was the trip to Quebec, in company with the Revd. John Langhorn, of Fredericksburg, to attend the visitation of the clergy of Canada, held in August by the Right Revd. Charles Inglis, first Bishop of Nova Scotia, who from 1787 to 1793 had ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the whole of British North America. At that gathering Stuart had the honour of preaching at least once before the Bishop and his fellow-clergy. From the visitation he returned to Kingston as Bishop's Commissary, a title which some years later was changed to Bishop's Official because Lieutenant-Govenor Simcoe did not think the former, by reason of its military connotation, sufficiently dignified for the Bishop's representative. "The Western Settlements, which will hereafter require the Society's attention," wrote the Bishop to the Archbishop of Canterbury, on the 27th of August, "are at so prodigious a distance from Quebec, that a Commissary at Quebec could be of little service there. I therefore appointed Mr. Stuart my Commissary there, who is a very sensible man, of respectable character and exemplary morals. Lord Dorchester was greatly pleased with this appointment." Diligently the Commissary set about the performance of his new duties, in the first place inspecting the Letters of Orders of Mr. Bryan of Cornwall, who had excused himself from attending the visitation. Though a self-ordained clergyman, Mr. Bryan had endeared himself to the people of that district and he had so far ingratiated himself with Lord Dorchester as to lead the latter to allow him £50 a year from the public chest. Trying to procure clergymen for Augusta and Niagara was another piece of work which Stuart undertook, but in that he met with no more success than the Bishop of Nova Scotia himself had done. It seemed impossible to induce ordained men to migrate from England and most of the men in the United States were debarred. The Statute of the Imperial Parliament of 1786 made it illegal for clergymen ordained by Bishops not British subjects to serve in any part of the British Empire. Speaking of Augusta, it is claimed that the original Blue Church in that township and parish was as old as, if not older than, the first St. George's. For St. Paul's, Fredericksburg, the Revd. John Langhorn claimed, in 1791, the honour of being the first Anglican Church, apart from the Mohawk Churches, erected and used for public worship in the upper portion of the Province of Quebec. In sundry letters it appears that Mr. Laughorn created difficulties for the Official. He made songs on the Methodists, which the Official, though he had no love for the latter or for their ways, regarded as bad form. Langhorn also got into controversy "with one McDowd [the Revd. Robert McDowall], a Presbyterian teacher, on Episcopalian ordination." This caused the Official to lose his patience and to describe his next neighbour as "untaught, unteachable, incorrigable." Yet the comfortable looking old Englishman did good work according to his lights in the Bay of Quinte district; and, in spite of having to pay £32 a year for his board out of his modest stipend of £150, he was able to send home to his people regular remittances, as the books of the Society and of the Hon. Richard Cartwright show. When he was leaving the country in 1813, he had books to give to the Kingston library. Happily it is possible to state that he escaped the watery grave to which so many writers have consigned him, living on till May 15, 1817, at Natland Beck, near Kendal, and finding sepulture in Heversham Churchyard, Westmoreland. Of the progress of various denominations Mr. Stuart gives information from time to time. On October 4, 1790, he intimates-contrary to the commonly accepted idea concerning the religious affiliations of the Loyalists-"that a very great majority of the Inhabitants of all the Settlements is composed of Presbyterians, Anabaptists, and other Dissenters." In February, 1792, he writes that they are favourably inclined toward the Church, that they would welcome a minister, and that they would conform. At the first confirmation held in Kingston on or about August 18, 1794,-by Dr. Jacob Mountain, first Bishop of Quebec-sundry members of the Church of Scotland were among the candidates, fifty-five in number. The same letter states "that there does not exist in the whole Parish any Party or Faction against the Church, a few Papists excepted, who are very quiet and peaceable." On the 19th of September, 1808, they were said to be fairly numerous and to have laid the foundation of a stone Chapel, "being assisted by their brethren of Montreal." *Lots 214, 237, 245, 246, and 224 had been set aside by the Executive Council of the Province on petition of the Revd. Alexander Macdonell, of Charlottenburgh, who subsequently became the first Bishop of Kingston and a member of Council, with a salary provided by Government. On the same day, March 25, 1806, lots 247 and 248 were granted to the Reverend gentleman and to Donald Macdonell, John Cumming, and Pierre Fortier "in Trust for a Roman Catholic Chapel to be built thereon." On April 2, following lots 180, 207, and 243 were added, on petition, in order to make up an acre. The Church, so far as can be judged from an advertisement of town lots which H. Earl had for sale, in the Kingston Gazette of October 10, 1815, was called the "French Church." *U.C Land Book G., pp. 37, 38, 39, 41. On October 12, 1795, a letter to the Society had announced that there was no other place of worship in the town and no probability of one being erected soon, "as the Methodists meet there with no encouragement." Two years later they had quitted the town entirely, "after having repeatedly attempted to introduce their doctrines." In 1799 they had a "meeting-house," but it had been for some time unoccupied and it was likely so to remain. To protect his flock from what he considered pernicious doctrine, Stuart redoubled his efforts in town and country. In the former he catechised the children regularly on Sunday afternoons. In the latter he made extensive preaching tours down the river and up the bay, visiting also the district of Nassau, the town of Niagara, and later the capital, York, which was without a missionary from the time of Mr. Raddish's departure in July, 1797, down to the early part of 1800, when George Okill Stuart was settled there. In February, 1792, when the going on the ice was good, Dr. Stuart went through the whole of the districts of Luneburg and Mecklenburg. He held service at Stephen Gilbert's in Sydney, commending him as "a zealous Churchman" and appointing him to read prayers and a sermon in his own house. In Adolphustown he used George Hagerman's house instead of a Church and in Marysburg Archibald Macdonald's. He found the "dissenters" prejudiced against the clergy of the Church of England as "readers." This was due, he stated, to "the simplicity or ill-timed honesty of one of our Order, who said that he had brought a full stock of manuscripts from England." On this tour and others Stuart therefore delivered his sermons extemporaneously. Basing his advice on these itinerant experiences, he strongly urged the Society as early as July 5, 1791, to appoint young men as travelling missionaries. If this fundamental characteristic of the Methodists had been adopted at that time, the moan about the loss to the Church of England caused by these indefatigable men would not have been so often heard in subsequent years. On an early expedition Stuart had found Captain Everett gathering his neighbours together to hear the Church service and a sermon. Presently he himself held a service in Everett's house-five miles from Kingston-on the first Friday of every month. As early as September, 1786, he had noted that Captain Hawley was still reading prayers to his fellow-settlers and that the schoolhouse in Township No.3 (Fredericksburg) was to serve as a temporary Church. A Mr. Boutellier had established himself at Niagara, as Stuart found when he went thither for four weeks as Chaplain to the Legislative Council in October, 1792. He turned out also to be an impostor, representing himself at first as an Episcopalian. There he stayed till a few days before Stuart's return in 1793, holding service and preaching in spite of the Official's inhibition, Mr. Addison's arrival to take the duty of the mission, and the Lieutenant-Governor's presence. Rather strangely, the installation of Simcoe in office, which took place in the new Church at Kingston on July 8,1792, is not mentioned by Stuart in his letters to the Society. In that of October 12, 1792, he reported that "The Governor seems determined to put the Church of England on as respectable a footing as possible . . . from whose countenance much may be expected." That did not come to much after all, owing to the cares of State which His Excellency carried and to his leaning on the very broken reed, Jacob, "by Divine permission Lord Bishop of Quebec," not to forget the difficulty in any case of obtaining missionaries from England. Regarding the provision for "a Protestant Clergy" made in the Constitutional Act of 1791, Stuart thus expressed himself: "The mode proposed will prove ineffectual at least for half a century to come." He held, from his knowledge of land, gained as a member of the Land Board of Mecklenburg from its inception, that "£10 per annum from any certain Fund would be more eligible provision for any individual clergyman than the probable share of any Revenue that can be raised from all the waste Lands of the Crown in that District for 25 years by this Act. The Scheme is plausible on Paper to those who do not know that the Lands to be granted are distant and of no value if given to the Church: for while every Man can obtain a Grant of 200 Acres of Land in Fee-simple, it is not probable that Tenants will be found to improve the Church Lands and pay Rent for them." Compared with this utterance, that of the Hon. Richard Cartwright concerning the same Act is decidedly interesting. In a letter* of October 21, 1792, which he wrote about the Marriage Act to Isaac Todd, Esq., of Montreal, at one time a partner of the Hon. James McGill, he said: "Indeed the Caution with which everything relative to the Church or Dissenters is guarded in the Act of Parliament which estabhshes our Constitution; and the Zeal and Tenaciousness of the Executive Government In this Country on this Head, has always astonished me. Where a particular System has been long adopted and acted upon, Some evil may perhaps result from a Change, although in its Principles it may be neither liberal nor just, and, at all events there is the Bugbear Innovation to guard the Abuse; but to make this Abuse an essential Principle, and when a new Government is to be formed, as in the present Case, among a People composed of every religious Denomination, and 19-20 of whom are of Persuasions different from the Church of England, to attempt to give to that Church the same Exclusive, political Advantages that it possesses in Great Britain, and which are even there the Cause of so much Clamour appears to me to be as impolitic as it is unjust. In the Present Times one would expect better Things from Ministers." *Letter Book of the Hon. Richard cartwright, P.29 A.-Library of Queen's University, Kingston. How correct Mr. Cartwright's views were and now mistaken Mr. Stuart's, later developments were to show. The dust of the clamour raised over the Clergy Reserves in the late Twenties, the Thirties, Forties, and the early Fifties of the nineteenth century has obscured many things, in particular the fact that, in order to make good the lack of an income from the Reserves, the British Government for many a year paid the salaries of the clergy of Upper Canada and of Lower Canada as well. This very action of Government operated to the disadvantage of Mr. Stuart at Kingston, not to speak of any other clergyman. Time and again he told the Society that, notwithstanding promises that had been made to him, he had never received one penny from his people. They thought, in spite of the Society's rules to the contrary, that it was unnecessary for them to do anything for their missionary, whom nevertheless they thoroughly respected, seeing that he was in receipt of an allowance from the Society and from Government. Fortunately Mr. Stuart was a good manager, as can be gathered from the Duke de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt's account of him in his "Travels in the United States of America." He farmed and leased farms. These he had acquired as a Loyalist and as the former Chaplain of the 2nd Battalion of Sir John Johnson's Royal Regiment of New York, not forgetting the "family lands," to which as a family man he was entitled. Sometimes it is amusing, and it is always interesting, to follow out in the records of the Council of Quebec or of Upper Canada Mr. Stuart's applications for land. This is especially the case in reference to the claims as a Chaplain. Strictly speaking, he appears, according to the proclamations, not to have been entitled to make any such claim; and the Council at Quebec decided accordingly. In returning to the attack, he was doing only what many other reduced officers were doing. They found themselves in a situation less favourable than that of the late officers of the 84th, or Royal Highland Emigrants', Regiment, to whom very special privileges had been granted on their enrolment. These becoming more generally known on the disbanding of the Regiment, the officers of all the other Corps, quite naturally, demanded like treatment. Ultimately they received it, the Chaplains included. Being a provident father, Mr. Stuart saw to it that his children applied for all the land to which they were entitled, and that they applied betimes. His daughters received 200 acres each on their marriage or on attaining their majority, as did all other Loyalists' daughters. His merchant sons, John and Charles, who later on became Sheriffs (of the Johnstown and the Midland Distuct respectively), obtained 600 acres each, "as became young men of their condition," to use the customary phrase of the Council Chamber. His sons, George Okill, James, and Andrew, who entered professions, were granted 1,200 acres each in accordance with the custom of the time. The settlement of Stuartville, now comprised largely within the grounds of Queen's University and the confines of the little streets called Arch, Deacon, George, Okill (not O'Kill), and Stuart, was built up on Mr. Stuart's farm, which lay to the westward of Captain Michael Grass' grant. His house, according to Bishop Richardson's recollections, was situated near the site of the Murney Tower. From no single house in Upper Canada probably, unless it were Bishop Strachan's "Palace" in York, or his parsonage in Cornwall, did influences proceed more varied and more potent than those which proceeded from Dr. Stuart's house near Kingston. There liberal hospitality was dispensed and there two Chief Justices and a Solicitor-General of Lower Canada were trained. The two Chief Justices also became baronets-Sir James Stuart and Sir John Beverley Robinson, whom Stuart called his sixth son and for whose education he had become responsible on the death of the young boy's father, Christopher Robinson. Of Dr. Stuart's family there is only one representative left in Kingston, Mrs. Bennett, a descendant of his youngest daughter Ann. The branches represented by George Okill and Charles became extinct many years ago; and Jane never married. Sir James' youngest son died without issue in June, 1915. John is represented mainly by the Keppel family, his granddaughter, Miss Macnab, of Hamilton, having married the Viscount Bury, who subsequently became the Earl of Albemarle. The Stuart name is kept alive, however, in Hamilton. The Hon. Andrew's descendants are found mainly in Ottawa, Quebec, and Montreal. His elder son Sir Andrew Stuart's last surviving son, Mr. Gustavus Stuart, K.C., died in 1918, leaving no children, but several of the latter's sisters, who for the most part married husbands of their mother's people, the French-Canadians, have children and grandchildren. They bear the well-known names, Audette, Beaubien, Le Mesurier, and McLennan. Sir Campbell Stuart, managing director of the London Times, is a grandson of Henry Stuart, K.C., the Hon. Andrew's second son. Of the daughter Mary, who married the Hon. Charles Jones of Brockville, there are many representatives in Brockville and elsewhere. Mrs. John Stuart, whose maiden name was Okill, and whose parentage was English, though she was born in Philadelphia and was living there at the time of her marriage, survived her husband by almost ten years. She died in Kingston on the 10th of June, 1821, and was buried in the family plot in St. Paul's Churchyard.
The First St. George's 1792-1828
ACCORDING to the Duke de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, the little church erected in the year 1792 was not beautiful; in fact he says that it "resembled a barn ruore than a Church." Yet it had the signal honour conferred upon it of being made the scene of the inauguration of the new government of Upper Canada. In Land and State Book A, preserved in the Public Archives of Canada, the first entry is :-'His Excellency John Graves Simcoe, Esq., Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Upper Canada, Colonel Commanding the Forces in the said Province, &c., &c., &c., having appointed the Protestant Church [of Kingston] as a suitable place for the Reading, and publishing of His Majesty's commissions. He accordingly repaired thither attended by The Hon. William Osgoode, Chief Justice, The Hon. James Baby, The Hon. Peter Russell, together with the Magistrates, and principal Inhabitants." In spite of the representatives of the Kingstonians, the Governor persisted in his preconceived idea that London was the proper place in which to fix his capital, so their good town had to wait for that dignity till 1841, when the Act of Union was put into operation. The Church could hardly have been out of the builder's hands on the day of the Governor's swearing in, July 8, 1792. A subscription list had been opened in the village as early as December 4, 1789, because it had been felt that the room in the garrison, which had been used since 1785, was neither worthy enough for divine service nor large enough to contain the congregation of civilians and military. The sum total expected from this subscription list was £120, but on July 5, 1791, Stuart had to report to the Society that only £80 had been collected. To make up at least the full £200 required, if not something more, recourse was had to the Governor in Chief at Quebec, a petition* for nothing less than a grant of the King's Mills at Kingston being presented. *This petition is found in the Public Archives of Canada in two places-Series Q., Vol.51, Part 1., p.297 and the Quebec Privy Council Book 1., p.58. The petition, which bore date December 9, 1789, was sent at the suggestion of Lord Dorchester himself, so Stuart informed the Society, on February 23, 1792. Nevertheless the prayer of it was not granted, the committee of Council, at Quebec, to which it had been referred, taking till March, 1791, to deliver this adverse decision. The "Church Wardens, Vestrymen, and principal Inhabitants of Kingston, Members of the Church of England" who associated themselves with the "Minister" in thus making request for the grant of Kingston Mills-and of 500 acres adjoining them-were:- Matthew Donovan Richd. Cartwright, Senr. Robert Macaulay Thomas Markland Jos. Forsyth Church Wardens Nathaniel Lines Joseph Anderson Jost Herkimer Michael Grass Lawce Herkimer Vestrymen William Mackay Richd. Cartwright, Junr. Alexr. Aitken Neil McLean William Atkinson Allan McLean Thos. Sparham David Betton Thrown back on their own resources, for no help was forthcoming from the Society or from Government, the little congregation set about devising plans of their own for getting on with building operations. The Vestry held a meeting on October 25, 1791, and "Resolved unanimously that the money subscribed for the Purpose of erecting a Church shall be immediately applied to that use.* *Vestry Minute, of St. George's Cathedral, Kingston, in the Diocesan Archives. "In consequence of this Resolution, a Carpenter is to be employed to erect a Frame Building of 49 by 32 Feet in the Clear, to Weather Board, shingle and Floor it, also to ceil & sash it." On January 9, 1792, occurs the following entry -"Resolved to employ Archibald Thompson [Thomson]-and when Mr. Thompson furnishes a Bill of Skantling and his Proposals in writing, a Bargain is to be concluded." In a letter to the Society the missionary gives the additional information that the building was to be twelve feet high and was to cost £108, the contract to be completed by August 1 next. The site of the Church was approximately that of the office of the "British Whig." The site of the second and the present St. George's was apparently intended originally for a parsonage house. On the plan it stands in Dr. Stuart's name. On October 12, 1792, another of the Rector's letters announced that the Church was glazed and plastered. On March 19, 1793, "The New Church is a decent Commodious Edifice, was plastered last of all & a temporary Pulpit & reading Desk erected in it. The whole expense of which was £172 Currency, but £28 remains to be raised by subscription." In the autumn of 1794 a Pulpit, Desk, Communion Table, Pews, Cupola, and Bell had been added. Then for the first time was it intimated that "the Church is called St. George's." "But the Congregation having increased much," the Rector continues, "it appears to be too small & therefore they design to enlarge it by building a Chancel at the end of it, as soon as materials and workmen can be procured." The chancel was not built at this time, however, to judge from the letter of October 28, 1802, and from a petition** bearing date January 3, 1805, which was presented to Lieutenant-General Peter Hunter, then Lieutenant-Governor of the Province. Instead, a gallery, "principally for the Troops in Garrison," was put in during the summer of 1795, the contractors for it being Francis Wykott and Emmanuel Ellerbeck. Bills for the amount of their contract were to be drawn on Mr. Peter Smith and were to be repaid out of the pew rents. **The original of this petition is in the Archives of the Province of Ontario, packet 122, No. 2480 1/2 of the Russell Papers. It was signed by Richard Robison and Jermyn Patrick, Church Wardens, and was promoted by the Hon. Richard Cartwright. Pew rents were made for many a year to help pay for improvements to the Church structure and to the burying ground, as well as for the Clerk's salary. According to the Vestry records and the petition just referred to, there were "thirty-seven Pews large enough to contain three to four Persons each, including two of a larger Size for the Family of the Minister, and the accommodation of the Officers of the Garrison and such other Public Characters as might or might not be permanent Residents." The rents from the pews on the ground floor were £34 per annum. These rents were in the nature of ground rents, for in the first instance the pews had been sold, as was done subsequently in other places, thus creating difficulties in the way of turning parish churches into cathedrals. The proceeds of these sales had enabled the Wardens to defray the additional expense (£28) on the initial contract. Seventeen more pews were provided by an addition of twenty feet made to the Church throughout its whole width in the year 1802. At the same date was added another gallery "for the Accommodation of such Persons as were not in Circumstances to purchase Pews." "The Expence of this Addition," the petition continues, "amounted to one hundred and ninety-eight Pounds, seventeen Shillings, which by the Sale of the Pews was immediately reduced to one hundred and sixty-six Pounds, fourteen Shillings and three Pence, and it seems necessary for the Church to take up this Money on Interest* to pay off the Tradesmen, and it is at present still indebted to the Extent of about one hundred and twenty Pounds. . . . "To enable them to discharge this Debt, to paint the Inside of the Church to procure the appropriate Ornaments, furniture for the pulpit & Communion Table, Your Memorialists humbly solicit the Aid of Your Excellency." *In the parish accounts for 1802 it appears that the makers of the note were Dr. Stuart, James Robins, and John Kirby. This petition was successful, thanks partly to its being managed by the Hon. Richard Cartwright and partly to the fact that the Imperial Parliament had, out of its generosity, voted a considerable sum in aid of Church building in the Province. Between 1795 and 1802 various improvements had been noted in the missionary's correspondence. On October 11, 1798, Painting had been done within and without. In September, 1799, the Church had been furnished with a set of books. On October 11, 1800, a stone wall had been erected round about the grave-yard at a cost of £90 or thereabouts, "the whole of which will be paid off next Easter"-from the pew rents. From a later letter without a date, but presumably written in 1803, it is learned that this source of revenue was mortgaged for this purpose for three years. In 1808, however, the sum total expended on this account appears as £200. On October 12, 1804, "they are making great progress in Church Music," one of the end galleries being reserved for the singers-evidently the one which was originally set aside for the people who "were not in Circumstances to purchase Pews." It is again expressly stated that the other gallery-which could contain a hundred persons-"is appropriated to the use of the Soldiers in the Garrison." What the accompaniment for the singers was at this time does not appear, but in all probability it was supplied by the military. One Nash was paid 15 shillings for Church Music on June 9, 1806. On January 2, 1811, it was recorded in the Rector's letter that "as the Church debts are all paid, and some money remaining in hand, they have agreed to send to England for a small organ." At a still later date, 1818, an organ was obtained by means of a grant from the surplus funds of the Loyal and Patriotic Society, which had been founded for providing comforts for men on active service, in 1812, the relief of wounded soldiers, and the assistance of soldiers' dependents. Only in September, 1808, did the Rector note in his correspondence the purchase of "a cup and patten," which the accounts show to have been obtained from Charles Smyth at a cost of £15. As early as 1791 had appeared 1s. 8d. for a Basin for Baptisms and 3s. 6d. for two plates. Wine for Holy Communion cost regularly 10s. a gallon, but on Christmas Eve, 1800, there was an exceptional charge of 3s. 9d. for a quart. A Table Cloth, furnished by Hamilton and Cartwright on November 26, 1789, cost 14s. 6d. and a Napkin 6s. 3d. On April 9, 1790, 13 yards of Linen for "Surplus" were bought at 3s, totalling £1, 19; 1 oz. of thread with which to sew it cost 1s. 9d.; 5s. were paid for the making, 4s. for altering it. Washing the surplice was done for many a year at a shilling a time, the operation being performed four times a year. The price rose to 2s. 6d. in 1805-1806; and in 1811 washing and mending the surplice twice cost together 7s. 6d., though the double service had been performed for 6s. 6d. in 1810. On April 24, 1800, Mr. Cartwright furnished a Pall at £2. Some unnamed person was paid 2s. in 1791 for burying Thomson and in 1790 "a Man" was paid 4s. for burying John Wright "last Summer." On August 13, 1792, there stands an Item "To Cash payed J. McDonell for 5 yds. Linen for Sheet for Jo. Paine Deceased." Making the Sheet cost 1s., Digging the Grave 5s., and making the Coffin 5s. In February, 1799, Pember received £1 for a coffin; and 1-2 Gallon of Spirits was in the same month supplied by the Church for the funeral of Mrs. Freeman at an expenditure of 7s. 6d., only $1.50. A Mrs. Arsgill figures very largely in the accounts for 1798-1799, she, Mrs. Hyslop, and Mrs. Whitney giving the parish an opportunity to remember the poor. The first mentioned boarded successively with Mrs. Taylor and Mr. Whiteman, the former receiving, for a month apparently, the sum of £1, 19 and the latter £1, 11 for thirty-one days. Removing her from the one house to the other cost 3 shillings. For her benefit were procured a bedstead, from Ockford, at 7s. 6d., 3 1/2 yards of Coating for 17s. 6d., 1 pair of blankets for 19s., and sheeting for a straw bed for 14s. 7 1/2d. On the same date somebody (for it is not clear that it was Mrs. Arsgill) enjoyed a gallon of white wine costing 4s., at the expense of the Church. A week later, on February 7, a bottle of the same is charged at 2s., and a pound of candles at 1s. 6d. Making the Church Stove and Pipes in 1791 cost 14s. 4d., Harley doing the work. For refitting it there was presently a charge of 10d. Ten sheets of Iron, weighing 27 1-2 lbs., at 9d. had cost £1, 0, 7 1-2. New pipes were needed in December, 1792, and the Blacksmith supplied them for 7s. 6d. Taking down the Stove and Pipes cost 3s. 6d. in 1799. Lampblack and Painting Brushes cost respectively 15s. and 12s. 6d., having been "omitted last year." Again in 1800 Stove Pipes were required; and this time Cassidy furnished them for 17s. 6d. In April Darley was paid 5s. 6d. for putting up the stove and Humphry 2s. 6d. for mending the Stove pan. "By alms money and Stove Pipes £3, 18, 4" is the rather incongruous combination presented in an entry of 1805-1806. In June, 1806, Powell received 5s. for work done to Stove Pipe, George Oliver in April, 1809, 5s. for the same service, and Powell again 15s. for work done to Stove Pipe & Gutter 15s. A blank book, presumably for the Vestry minutes, cost, in 1789, 2s. 6d.; a pane of glass and glazing it, in 1791, 10d., and a lock for the Grave Yard 2s., a Latch "Ketch" for the Church door, in March, 1793, 5s.; in 1795-6 a pound of nails is. 3d., 150 feet of Plank 10s. Sd., 200 ditto 15s., 96 feet of timber at 2d., 16s., Denison supplying the last mentioned order; 20 bushels of lime £1; 2 pairs of HL hinges, and a Stocklock, in July, 1800, 6s. 3d. and 3s. 9d. each; 99 Toises dry Wall round the Burying Ground at 11s. 8d., in 1801, £57, 15; in 1804, a Padlock for the Burying Ground, 1s. 8d.; a Bell Rope, in 1805, 2s.; balance due for 148, 2/3. Toises Stone wall around the Burying Ground £7, 2, 2 1-2, in January 1810; and in the same year a new Bell Rope 4s 9d., and 1 Pane Glass and Putty 10d. Before a sexton was employed, a Drummer of the 5th Regiment had been detailed to sweep the Church, that is, the room in the Garrison already referred to. In 1790 he received eight shillings and in 1791 seven. On the 25th of April, 1791, a regular sexton was engaged, whose duty it was "to make fires and sweep the Church regularly, for which he is to receive one Shilling per Week during the Season that it is necessary to have fire- and Sixpence per Week when no fire is necessary-he is likewise to furnish water for Christenings." In accordance with these resolutions John Cannon was paid £1, 11, 6, in 1792, "for making Fire and Sweeping the Church." On March 31, 1796, his wages were advanced to £10 a year, but in return for this amount he was to act as Clerk, Sexton, Bell Ringer, etc., etc., "and attend the Stove properly during cold weather." So late as August 4, 1801, there is an entry "Cleaning the Church for Christmas Day" 7s. 6d., with a like charge for the following Easter. In 1804 it cost £1 to clean the Church twice. On the same date, April 4, was paid the sum of 3s. 9d. "for clearing Snow from Church Door." In September, 1808, John Roge was paid 7s. 6d. "for clearing the Burying Ground of Brush and Weeds." Cartage was cheap in 1801. To take five loads of boards to the Burying Ground cost only five shillings. The Church had casual revenues of peculiar kinds. "To so much received by them [Markland & Macaulay] from the Jurors £1, 10," appears in the account of subscriptions for the building fund on October 9, 1790. This is followed somewhat closely by "To Fine left by Capt. Bunbury 5th Regiment £5." On April 27, 1793, the Vestry minutes record the receipt "of five dollars, being money presented by the Special Jury at Kingston, for the Benefit of the Church £1, 5." On the same date is acknowledged "also three shills and nine Pences, being a Fine imposed on Wm. Bowden and gien (sic) by Judge Cartwright 3s. 9d." Notwithstanding its various sources of revenue and the devoted services rendered by the "little" gentleman, as the tall Rector was called, the congregation, as has been already said, never contributed to his support. It was content, in spite of the increasing wealth of several of its members, to let Government and the Society do everything for him. He had even to provide his own "parsonage house," although, through the instrumentality of Mr. Cartwright, a lot upon which to build one had been procured from the Crown in 1803, if not at a yet earlier date. In spite of these disappointments, Dr. Stuart went on unweariedly ministering to his fellow Loyalists and those who followed them to make homes in Upper Canada.
"THE BENEFACTORS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE ENGLISH CONGREGATION FOR ERECTING A CHURCH IN KINGSTON."
Rev Mr. Jo. Stuart £10--- Mr. David Brass 1-3-4 Richd Cartwright, Junr, Mr Jo. Everett 1-3-4 Esqr. 10--- Mr. Mattw Donoon 1-3-4 Commador David Bettan 10--- Mr Jo. Ferguson 1-3-4 Mr Jo. Comming 1-3-4 Neel McLean, Esqr 6--- Mr. Duncn Cameron* 1-3-4 Mr. Rob Macaulay 5--- Mr Titis Simons* 1-15- Mr. Jams Richardson 5--- Mr Thos Cook* 1---- Mr. Jos Hirkimer 5--- Mr Phillip Pember 1---- Mr. Michl Grass 2--- Mr Mahlon Knight 1---- Mr. Jo. Forsyth 2--- Mr Jo. Symington 1---- Mr. Jams Robinson 2--- Mr Bryen Crawford 1---- Mr. Dond McDonell 2--- Mr Jo. Detler* 1---- Mr. Georg Farley 2--- Mr George Johnson* 1---- Mr. Thos Markland 2--- Mrs Marry Brand 1---- Mr. Wilm Atkinson 2--- Mr Thos Bonett* 1-5-- Mr. Wilm McDonell* 2--- Mr. Just. Meeler* 1---- Mr. Arch Thomson 2--- Mr Michl Dererich --15- Mr. Ellerbeck 2--- Mr Thos Beazley --12- Doctor Jams Latham 2-6-8 Mr Sep McLean* -11-8 Mr. Jams Russell 2-6-8 Mr Wilm Stoughton* -11-8 Mr. Peter Smith 2-6-8 Mr Saml Merrell* -1O-- Mr. Amos Aensley 2-5-- Mr Jo. Roushorn -10-- Mr. Jo. Duncan 1-10- Mr Bart. Day -10-- Mr. Chrisr Georgen 1-10- Mr George Harpel* -10-- Mr. Allex Aitken 1-3-4 Mr George Buck* -10-- Mr. Nathl Lines 1-3-4 Mr Jacob Cowly* --7-6 Richd Cartwright, Sr., Mr Jo. Wetzel* --5-- Esq. 1-3-4 TOTALS 86-15-0 24-14-6
Notes on the Benefactors
RICHARD Cartwright, Jr., appears also as the Hon. Richard Cartwright and as Judge Cartwright. He was the son of Richard Cartwright, Sr., and Johanna Beasley N.Y., where he was born on February 2, 1759. He died on July 27, 1815, in Montreal, where he was buried. According to Dr. Strachan's funeral sermon, preached in Kingston some days later, he had had thoughts of becoming a clergyman, but, the Revolutionary War breaking out, the course of his life was changed. In 1777, after the disaster which overtook the British arms, he came to Canada by way of St. John's, P.Q. He appears to have heen for a short time secretary to Col. Butler, Commanding Officer of the Rangers called by his name. At some time between 1777 and 1788 Cartwright came into close contact with the Hon. James McGill, one of the great merchants of Montreal and the founder of the University which bears his name. Like McGill, he became a trader and a merchant, establishing himself first at Carleton Island, in partnership with the Hon. Robert Hamilton, and subsequently at Cataraqui. The business relations and the friendship which he formed with these two men endured till the death of the latter of them in 1809 and of the former in 1813. From a petition for land which he presented to the Executive Council of Upper Canada, on June 20, 1794, it appears that from 1787 to 1792 he was a Justice of the Peace and a member of the Land Board of the District of Mecklenburg.* Of this body be seems to have been perhaps the most active member, for in many of the reports made to the Governor in Chief and the Council at Quebec his hand is clearly visible. *The first Land Board for the District consisted of the Revd. Mr. John Stuart, Neil McLean, James Clark, Richard Cartwright, Junr., and the Officer commanding for the time being. On June 8, 1791, all the Land Boards were continued from and after May 1, 1791. Mr. Clark's name does not appear in the Order in council of that date, but the other three do, together with those of James McDonnel and Hector McLean. To these were added on Decemher 24, 1791, Richard Cartwright, Seur., and William Atkinson. These Seven men, with the Officer Commanding for the time being at Fort Frontenac, composed the Board for the Midland District and later for the County of Frontenac till its dissolution on November 6, 1794, by Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe. On Mr. Stuart's declining to accept appointment as a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1788, Mr. Cartwright's name was substituted for his in the commission.* *The other Judges who were appointed for the District in 1789 were James clark and Neil McLean. In 1795 Mr. Cartwright was appointed, with his fellow magistrates, Messrs. Atkinson and Markland, to contract for and superintend the building of a gaol and court house agreeably to a plan approved by the magistrates. In 1797 and subsequent years he sat as a member of the Land Claims Board for the Midland District, to decide the ownership of parcels of land which had changed hands or which had been inadequately or improperly described when being allotted to Loyalists. For some time previous to 1792 he had been in occupation of the King's Mills at Kingston, already referred to. He also held at one time those at the Apanee River. These mills had been erected by Government with a view to providing the settlers with facilities for procuring timber and for getting their grain ground. In 1798 he represented to tbe Executive Council of the Province that, as the mills had served their original purpose, those at Kingston might be granted as an endowment for the Grammar School at that place. U. C. State Book B. pp. 184-5. From a Letter Book, the property of the Library of Queen's University, it is clear that he was deeply interested in education, which he sought to promote in both his public and his private capacity. Through Mr. Hamilton and the latter's brother, he was instrumental in bringing Mr. Strachan to this country. For Strachan he, with the co-operation of the Hon. James McGill, procured, at the public expense, a set of physical instruments, and this in spite of the dead-weight of the opposition of the Commons' House of Assembly. Dr. Scadding is authority for the statement that these instruments ultimately became the property of Upper Canada College, Mr. Strachan being merely the custodian for Government * *Scadding (and Dent) Toronto Past and Present. Memorial Volume 1834-1884. PP. 41-42. From the same Letter Book can also be seen how serious were the views which Mr. Cartwright entertained of his duties as a member of the Legislative Council of the Province, in which he had a seat from 1792 to 1815. This is noticeable particularly in respect of the Marriage Act, for he was liberal enough to wish to see ministers of all communions empowered to solemnize matrimony. His impatience at the illiberality of the interpretation put upon the clause of the Constitutional Act touching the provision for a "Protestant Clergy," has been already noted. At any waste of public funds he was righteously indignant, as, for instance, at the voting, in a thin House at the close of the session, aid to certain congregations for building Churches, when the original proposal had been only to purchase a pew in the Church at York for the accommodation of the members of the Legislative Council and of the House of Assembly. Of successive Lieutenant-Governors and Administrators he was the trusted, if unofficial, adviser, for he was never called to the Executive Council. He was also a Commissioner of Roads for the Province and a representative of it in negotiations with the Province of Lower Canada in regard to financial matters. HDw early he settled in Kingston, is not quite certain, but, from an entry in Land Book G, p.42, it is clear that he had been in possession of Lot 263, 2-5 of an acre, since 1789 and that a house had been erected upon the lot. On April 16, 1793, he was given permission by the Honourable Council "to build a store upon the Water Lot opposite his Town Lot at Kingston; and likewise to include in the Grant the beach marked A up to the bank B" (Land and State Book A, p.69). On June 21, 1794, he was refused some islands for which he petitioned, all islands being reserved for the uses of the Crown, but he was allowed 3,000 acres on the mainland, "His Excellency and the Council being apprized of the Advantages derived in various Instances from the Public Spirit and exertions of the Petitioner both as a Magistrate and in his private Capacity." Accordingly they thought themselves "fully justified in supporting his Claim upon the most Equitable Principles" (Land and State Book A, p. 172). His name appears in other connections in succeeding Land Books, among others for a town lot each for his wife and himself in York. Mrs. Cartwright and four children were granted 1,200 acres each, in accordance with the custom of the time, the intention of the framers of the Constitutional Act being to create a landed aristocracy. Like other traders and merchants, Mr. Cartwright was often forced to take land in satisfaction of debts owing to him. Therefore he was very directly interested in the law regarding the transfer and the registration of land, also in the application to lands alienated by the original grantees of the Orders in Council relating to the issue of patents without payment of fees. In 1799 he petitioned for passports for the Marquis de Beaupoil and Mr. Coster de St. Victoire (sic), who wished to return to France after their exile in Great Britain and Canada. For them and for others of these émigrés settlers, notably Mr. Quetton St. George, he had acted as agent. As Lieutenant of his County Mr. Cartwright had the nomination of the officers of militia; and as such he had something also to do with making preparations for the defence of the Province in 1812. Among his papers is preserved an address to the militia, of which he was a Colonel. About the same time he was writing in a highly patriotic strain in the Kingston Gazette, under the name of "Falkland." Worn out by the anxieties and the labours of the war, deeply depressed by the death of four of his children within three years of one another, he died in Montreal, whither he had gone on business of his own and of the McGill estate, of which he was an executor. He left four children under the guardianship of Dr. Strachan, Mary Magdalen (Mrs. Dobbs), Thomas Robison, John Solomon, and Robert David. Mrs. Cartwright, who, before her marriage, had been Miss Magdalen Secord, of Niagara, survived her husband almost twelve and a half years, dying on the 4th of January, 1827, eighteen months after the decease of her son, Thomas Robison. Commodore Betton. In the Supplement to the Quebec Gazette dated September 29, 1790, it was announced that the King had been pleased to reward the services of certain officers who had been employed in armed vessels on the Lakes in Canada during the late War by granting half-pay to such of them as were unemployed, back pay to be dated from June 30, 1786. Under the heading of "Masters and Commanders that acted as Commodores," who were to receive 5 shillings a day, appear Alexander Grant, David Betton, and Hypolite Laforce. As has been already pointed out, Betton was one of those who signed the petition to Lord Dorchester for the Kingston Mills. From the D. W. Smith Papers (Vol. B 5. p. 33), he appears to have been granted Lot 152 in Newark. He was granted 500 acres of land in June, 1794 (Q.282, 2, pp.390-1). The funeral of "Captain Belton" recorded in the Register on October 13, 1794, was in all probability his. In 1797 Mr. Cartwright writes to a Mrs. Sarah Betton in reference to her claims against Mr. Neil McLean's estate. Neil McLean. He was a J.P., and a member of the Land Board of Mecklenburg (and the Midland District) from its inception and of that of the County of Frontenac down to the time of its abolition. He was also made a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas with Dr. Stuart and Mr. James Clark, on June 14, 1788. Apparently he had been an officer of the 84th Regt. and had been Acting Commissary General, which was the reason for his daughter Harriet receiving 3,000 acres of land "as the Devisee of her late Father," on the 18th of November, 1797. For this same quantity of land he had himself applied to His Excellency in Council on October 17, 1792 (Q Series, Public Archives of Canada, Vol.282,I, pp.263-4), alleging that he had served His Majesty for thirty-four years and that he had been reduced in 1783 from 20 shillings per day to seven and sixpence. He represented also that he had been long resident in the Province. "Resolved," reads the entry, "That the honourable Executive Council would feel themselves extremely happy, could they comply with the prayer of the petition. But they are pleased to order that he shall have a Grant of Twelve Hundred Acres and in Consideration of his having been a faithful Servant of Government, they are pleased to Order that Mrs. Mary McLean have a Grant also of Eight Hundred Acres." This was on July 10, 1793. (Ibid., pp. 324-5). He owned Lot 2 in the town of Kingston and he made representations to Council, on July 24, 1793, that "Occupyance of the Beach in the front of the same by any other Person would greatly lessen the Value of his Property." Accordingly it was "Ordered that, if any application be made for the same [it is] to be refused to Mr. McLean's Memorial" (Land and State Book A, p.126). Robert Macaulay. According to Upper Canada Land Book B, May 7,1797, he was a Militia Captain at Carleton Island during the American War of 1776-1783. Therefore he was granted sufficient land to make up a total of 1,200 acres. Six years before (on March 31, 1791), he had represented to the Executive Council at Quebec that in Lot 17, Township I near Kingston, he had drawn a swamp unfit for cultivation. Accordingly he begged for leave to give it up and to be granted 500 acres at the head of the Bay of Quinte as soon as townships should have been laid out there. Leave was given to him, Thomas Markland, and "Donell" McDonell "to build a Wharf upon the Beach in the Front of His Town Lot, extending an equal number of Feet in the said Lot, and to erect Stores on the said Wharf, but not to erect Stores or any other Building on the Main Land" (Land and State Book A, p.23, entry of October 6, 1792). Eleven days later John "Dilton" was refused leave "to build a House, Stores, etc., at Kingston upon the Ground opposite Mr. McAuley's-as the Land prayed for is reserved to the Use of His Majesty" (Ibid., pp.30-31). Apparently Mr. Macaulay owned lands in common with Mr. Thomas Markland, his partner in business. Joint claims were prosecuted by them in 1797 before the Land Claims Board for lands in town as well as in the Townships of Fredericksburg, Camden, Thurlow, Ameliasburgh, Leeds, and the west side of the river Cataraqui. Some of these claims were successfully pressed by Mr. Macaulay's brother-in-law, the Hon. John Kirby, who with Mrs. Macaulay and the Hon. Richard Cartwright, was an executor of his will. Mr. Macaulay, who died on September 2, 1800, was buried in what is now St. Paul's churchyard. Mrs. Macaulay, whose maiden name was Ann Kirby, was a daughter of John Kirby (U. C. Land Book E, p.227). She was married to Mr. Macaulay at Crown Point, N.Y., February 13, 1791. They had three sons-John, William, and Robert, the two latter of whom are duly noticed in the baptismal section of the Register. John Macaulay, who was known in later life as the Hon. John Macaulay, was born on October 17, 1792, although his name does not appear in the Register, as it probably ought to do. It was he, in all likelihood, who attended Mr. Strachan's school in Kingston between January, 1800, and May, 1803, and not Mr. Chief Justice Macaulay, as stated by the late Col. Clark in his Recollections. At one time Mr. Macaulay was Postmaster of Kingston and a J.P., in addition to being a member of Parliament. As a J.P. he took the deposition, recorded under date of 1826, in the Vestry Minutes of St. George's, in regard to the famous dispute over the burying ground. John Macaulay was twice married, 1st to Helen, daughter of David and Naomi (Grant) Macpherson and sister of Sir David L. Macpherson, 2nd to Sarah Phillis, daughter of Col. Plomer Young. By his first wife he had, besides other children, a son, John Kirby, who died in 1884, and a daughter, Frances Jane, the first wife of the Hon. Sir. George A. Kirkpatrick, sometime Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario.* The only child of the second Macaulay marriage was Miss Charlotte Macaulay, who still lives in Kingston and who very kindly supplied some of the information used in this and other notes. *Sir George Kirkpatrick's second wife, who survives and lives in London, England, was a cousin of his first wife-Isabel, daughter of Sir David L. Macpherson. The firm of Macaulay and Markland acted as collectors of the subscriptions for the first Church building in Kingston between 1789 and 1792. It seems to have been dissolved prior to Mr. Robert Macaulay's death, for Mrs. Macaulay, according to the Hon. Richard Cartwright's Letter Book, in the possession of Dr. Adam Shortt, carried on the business in partnership with her brother, already mentioned as co-executor with her and Mr. Cartwright. On April 4, 1809, Mr. Cartwright's Letter Book just referred to shows that he protested to Lieutenant-Governor Gore against the action of certain lumbermen, who were sub-contractors for timber for the Navy. As a result of legal action taken in the matter, these men were fined and had it made clear to them that they had no right of entry on private property even to procure sticks of timber for the use of the King. Captain James Richardson. Capt. Richardson was the father of his better known son, James, a veteran of the War of 1812 and later on a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. That Church the Captain himself joined, apparently after his removal from Kingston to Presqu'isle (Brighton). He was a Lincolnshire man by birth, coming from the neighbourhood of Horncastle. He took naturally to the sea, and he entered the Royal Navy. He was on the ship Ramilies, 74 guns, which formed part of Lord Rodney's West Indian command, when she foundered at sea in September, 1782, on her way home, convoying merchantmen and French prizes.** "He, with others, was rescued by a merchant brig which outrode the gale, but in a few days was captured by an American frigate, and he was carried to France a prisoner of War to close confinement till return of Peace in 1783." In or about 1785 he received a commission as Lieutenant in the Provincial Marine, doing duty on the lakes, with headquarters at Carleton Island and later at Kingston. **For the quotation immediately following and for others the Editor is indebted to the Recollections (in manuscript) of Bishop Richardson, in the possesaion of his grandson, Mr. J. R. Roaf, K.C., of Toronto, who has very kindly placed them at his disposal. In petitioning for a vacant water lot (No.45) in Kingston, on August 3, 1795, on which to build a wharf and storehouse, the Captain stated that he had built and navigated the Kingston Pacquet, of which he described himself as Master. Like his son, he took part in the War of 1812. The Captain's first wife was Sarah Ashmore, of Kingsnorton, near Birmingham. She was the widow of a Mr. Bryant, who had also been an officer in the Provincial Marine. Before her first marriage she had lived at Fort Schlosser, N.Y., in the family of Mr. Stedman, to whom Goat Island at one time belonged. On marrying, she removed to West Niagara, near Fort George, she being the only white woman living there. On the reduction, Lyons' Creek, in the Township of Crowland, became her home, but, on marrying Capt. Richardson, she took up her residence in Kingston. In Kingston their son James was born, January 29, 1791. Like John Macaulay, he was in all probability baptized by Dr. Stuart, but the record was lost. James saw service on the Lake on the Black Snake, the Wolfe, and the St. Lawrence, losing an arm in the discharge of his duty. He married Rebecca, daughter of John Dennis, Master Ship Builder at Kingston and York. Their son, Dr. James H. Richardson, was for many years the well known professor in the Medical Faculty of the University of Toronto. The Bishop, in spite of the change in his own religious belief, greatly revered the memory of Dr. Stuart. "Next to Mr. Grass," he says, "was the park lot and residence of the Revd. John Stuart. -No man in his place and day was more respected by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. Stately and graceful in his person, dignified yet affable in manner, circumspect in his deportment, impressive and diligent in his ministerial duties, he maintained to the last the position of Patriarch, counsellor, and instructor to the settlers in their times of privations and hardship. A few years ago I paid a passing visit to my own dear native town and strolled about lonely and pensive, calling to memory bygone days-I came to Stuart's Point and, observing the remnants of the foundations of the once venerated parsonage, which stood so many years among the lofty pines, I did homage to its memory as the home of its former venerated inmate. 'The memory of the just is blessed'." Of the "hungry year," 1794, the Bishop says: "All the crops had failed. Scanty and dear supplies were obtained from the interior of the State of New York. As an illustration, the following incident may serve. My father, who sailed Lake Ontario, was fortunate enough, when at the Niagara River, to obtain 5 barrels of flour, which he brought to Kingston, but could get only about 1-2 barrel home to his family. The people hearing of what he had, beset him in the street and insisted on having the barrels opened, and, under the supervision of a magistrate, the flour was dealt out in small portions to the clamorous customers, who paid for their respective portions." "So late as the year 1795," the narrative continues, "or at the time that the forts on the Western frontier of New York State were surrendered to the United States according to the provisions of Jay's Treaty, the American troops at Fort Oswego had to look to Canada for flour; and my father contracted to furnish a supply in the fall of the year, just previous to the setting in of winter. He took in his load, purchased from the farmers in the Bay of Quinte, and proceeded; but at the mouth of the river encountered adverse winds, which baffled all attempts to make harbour,-no steam power for navigation purposes in those days. Being driven into the lake and a furious storm ensuing, it was wrecked at the mouth of Sandy Creek, between 20 and 30 [miles] east of Oswego. He and one seaman swam to the shore, but there was nothing but snow and woods, no settlements short of Oswego to the west, and a reported commencement of one called Rotterdam about 15 miles through dense woods and swamps to the southward. They first tried the woods, but sinking above the knees in the snow and mire, they had to abandon that route and take the course of the lake to Oswego, intersected as it was by several streams, and without food or fire. Providence, however, was kind, for, on arriving at the mouth of the Salmon River, 12 or 13 miles east of Oswego, they discerned a boat on the opposite side with her crew stormbound in the creek. "The call being made, the boat was brought over and they were rescued. My father proceeded with the boat to Oswego, reported the loss of the vessel and cargo, and then, the winter setting in, the navigation closed, he had no way to return home but by way of Schenectady or Albany and thence by Lake Champlain. "His home was reached by the middle of winter; my mother in the meantime at Kingston heard nothing of him further than his getting wrecked and getting to Salmon River and thence leaving for Oswego. Judge of her anxiety with her little family during those dreary winter months till father made his appearance suddenly in the month of February." Mrs. Richardson died, apparently, in May, 1809, and the Captain married again in August of the same year, his second wife being Mary Louisa McDonnell. Like other men whose names are recorded in the Kingston Register, Captain Richardson was granted land in York when it was laid out. According to the late Mr. John Ross Robertson's History of Freemasonry in Canada, he became a member of Lodge No.6 A.F. and A.M., in Kingston. Jos. Hirkimer. The surname ought certainly to be Herchmer, but what the Christian name was is a matter of doubt. Probably it was Hanzoost. If so, he had been a Captain in the American Revolutionary War and he received grants of land accordingly in and near Kingston. He was the father of Mrs. Markland and Mrs. Anderson, who, with their brothers, Jacob and Lawrence, inherited his real estate. The family was very prominent in Kingston in early days and was connected with several others, as may be seen by a study of the various records in the Registers. One member of it was, in more recent times, an assistant at the Cathedral and another was the late Col. Herchmer of the R.N.W.M.P. and of the South African Expeditionary Force. The clergyman, in his day, is said to have made a good sale of the family lands to the west of the city to the British Government for military purposes.* *For this piece of information and others relating to the church site, etc., the Editor is under obligation to Mr. J. P. Gildersleeve, Registrar of Deeds for Kingston. Michael Grass. He was a Captain in the New York Militia, the members of which were ranked as Associated Loyalists. As such he was declared by the Executive Council at Quebec, on August 15, 1791, to be entitled to 1,750 acres of land. In Bishop Richardson's Recollections, already quoted from, he is credited with having been a prisoner of war at Fort Frontenac before it was taken from the French and with having been able therefore to give Sir Guy Carleton information as to the suitability of Upper Canada as a place of settlement for the Loyalists leaving New York in 1783. The Bishop derived his information, he said, from Capt. Grass' son, John, who was a fellow-Methodist, living in the Township of Kingston, near Collins' Bay. Mr. Grass was a native of Germany and had, like many of his compatriots, emigrated to the Province of New York. On the outbreak of the rebellion, he was living on a farm about thirty miles from the city of New York. Though offered a Captain's commission by the rebel general, he remained firm in his allegiance to King George III. Acceding to Sir Guy Carleton's request, he went with the Loyalists as their guide to Upper Canada. They wintered at Sorel and proceeded on their journey in the spring, arriving duly at Fort Frontenac and pitching their tents "on Indian Point, where the marine docks at Kingston now stand." "Here they awaited the survey of the townships, which was not accomplished so as to have the lots ready for location before July." To Capt. Grass the Governor, who is said to have been present at the allotment, allowed the first choice for his company. He took the township of Kingston, Sir John Johnson Ernesttown, Col. Rogers, Fredericksburg, Major Vanalstine Adolphustown, and Col. McDonell Marysburg for theirs respectively. Capt. Grass desiring turnip seed, as that would yield a crop though sown so late, it was supplied to him. "Each man, taking a handful, cleared a spot of ground about the centre of what is now the town of Kingston, sowed the seed, and raised a fine crop of turnips, which partly served for their need during the ensuing winter." The Captain's own piece of land was a triangle adjoining the town on the southwest. It extended in a northwesterly direction from Murney's Point, "then called and known for many years as Grass' Point." By students of the old plan of Kingston it will be recognized as Macdonald Park. "He was respected by all who knew him for the honesty and integrity of his character. He was somewhat hasty and irritable in temper, but was always to be relied upon as a friend and neighbour. In his old age he, like most aged people, loved to recite in minute detail the adventures of his youth. He lived to a very advanced age and died a victim of cancer." His story-telling was not always appreciated by the younger generation, especially when there was statute labour to be done, as witness the Kingston Garette of December 17, 1811. Grass St., as Wellington St. was named on the plan of the original city, commemorated the founder of Kingston, as he may with reason be called. It is regrettable that remembrance of him was at a later time blotted out, for every community does well to remember the pioneers. Joseph Forsyth. He is believed to have been a brother of George Forsyth, merchant, of Niagara, and of John and Thomas Forsyth, who belongs to the wealthy, influential firm of Forsyth, Richardson & Co., East India and North-West merchants, of Montreal. Of that firm Joseph may himself have been a partner. He appears, like Mr. Cartwright, to have had close associations with, if not an interest in, the Nor' West Company. In the Story of Old Kingston, p.109, Miss Machar states that the news of the declaration of war by the United States in 1812 first reached Kingston in a private letter to Mr. Forsyth from a correspondent in the States. His name appears in Mr. Cartwright's list of merchants of Kingston for 1800 and 1801, as given in the Letter Book in the library of Queen's University. Mr. Joseph Frobisher, one of the most prominent members of the Nor' West Company, records, in his Diary of my Dinners,* having dined with Mr. Forsyth in Kingston on Monday, July 13, 1807, on his way to Niagara and York. *This very interesting manuscript which affords a most delightful glimpse into the social life of Montreal, is preserved in the library of McGill University. On August 4, 1795, Mr. Forsyth prayed for "such Grant of Land as Your Excellency may think proper" and he received 1,200 acres (U.C. Land and State Book A, p 295). In the D. W. Smith Papers his name is frequently found in connection with supplies furnished to surveyors and with drafts cashed for them. In the same Papers he appears as filing claims for lands in the Townships of Pittsburgh, Ameliasburgh, Sidney, Camden, Richmond, and Kingston, together with town Lot C, Kingston, "on which stand (1799) the Kingston Brewery and Dwelling House;" also the Water Lots adjoining Lots 34 and 35, originally drawn by Archibald Thomson (Vols. A 6, B 4, 10, 11, 13, 14). What is said to be his house is still to be seen in the gore between Clarence and Brock Streets. Joseph Forsyth, with his brothers John and Thomas, signed, on November 24, 1784, a petition for the repeal of the Quebec Act of 1774 (Q Series, Public Archives of Canada, Vol.24, I, pp. 1-16). On the 29th of November, 1799, he was a passenger on the Schooner York from Niagara to Kingston when she ran aground on the south shore of the lake, about sixty miles from Niagara. To reach home he had to proceed to Montreal! In the same year and the ollowing he was concerned, as one of the owners of the Simcoe, in finding a master for her to take the place of Capt. Murney. He and Mr. Cartwright, in whose Letter Book (in the Shortt collection) the information is contained, chose Capt. Sampson, or Samson, who had been mate on the Toronto. Near the north wall of St. Paul's Church stands a monument with the following inscription, kindly copied by the Rector, the Revd. Canon Fitzgerald -"In Memory of Joseph Forsyth, Esq., Who was born in Huntley, Aberdeenshire, North Britain, June 24th, 1764, and Died at Kingston, Upper Canada, September 29th, 1813. Blessed by nature with a kind and liberal disposition, he was courteous and engaging in his manners. His ear was ever attentive to the call of distress and his hand always open to the poor and needy. His memory, endeared to all who knew him, will be cherished as long as any survive of that society of which he was one of the brightest ornaments." James Robins. From Mr. Cartwright's lists of merchants for 1800 and 1801 already referred to, it appears that Mr. Robins was one of their number. Shipping for himself and his son, he in the former year sent down to Montreal a considerable quantity of flour, potash, and pork. In 1794 he prayed for Lot No.2, nearest the property he already had, for a wharf and store. On July 12, 1796, Sarah Robins, presumably his wife, was recommended for 200 acres, "if not granted before" (U.C. Land Book B, p.90). James Robins, Sr., was refused, on December 19, 1809, the point of land opposite the Kingston Brewery, it being described "as not grantable" ( U. C. Land Book B, p. 90). This, presumably, is the brewery mentioned as "Robbin's Brewery" in Robertson's History of Freemasonry in Canada, p.576. James Robins, Jr., of the Town of Kingston, Gentleman, was granted a Town Lot in Kingston on June 18, 1811 (U.C. Land Book T, p. 89). Donald McDonell. There is little doubt that this is the same man as "Donell" McDonell, mentioned in connection with Mr. Robert Macaulay and Mr. Thomas Markiand as having been granted leave to build a wharf and a storehouse. On August 18, 1795, he prayed for 1,200 acres of land as "long resident," setting forth that he had purchased an officer's rights. On his own account Mr. McDonell shipped out flour and potash in 1800 as well as on Simon McNabb's and Seymour and Beagle's.* In 1801 he made shipments also for E. Washburn, who in the previous year had sent his flour and potash down on a raft. *Other shippers mentioned in Mr. cartwright's list, besides these are W. Robins, John Kirby & Co., Lawrence Herchmer, S. Barton, and E. Smith. pp. 196 and 202-203. In 1800 Mr. McDonell was the lessee of the saw-mill in Ernesttown at a rental of £15. George Fancy. According to Col. John Clark, of Port Dalhousie, whose memory sometimes played him false, as has been already pointed out, Mr. Farley was a Captain in the 60th Regiment and a son-in-law of Sir William Johnson and Mrs. Mary Brant. If such was the case, it lends all the more point to his having been recommended to Lord Dorchester by Sir John Johnson, his brother-in-law, for appointment to a seat in the Legislative Council of Upper Canada. Notwithstanding His Excellency's approval, the recommedation** was not carried into effect; nor was the one made by Lord Dorchester himself that Sir John should be made Lieutenant-Governor of the new Province (Q Series, Public Archives of Canada, Vol.44, I, p. 133). The reason can be found in a letter, also in the Q Series, from Capt. Alexander Fraser, under date of October 31, 1789. **The names sent on with Mr. Farley's, at Sir John's suggestion, were William Dummer Powell, Richard Duncan, William Robertson, Robert Hamilton, Richard Cartwright, Junr., John Munro, and Nathaniel Petit. Letter of Lord Dorchester to Mr. Greneille of March 16, 1790, in the Q Series. Thomas Markland. He has been already mentioned in connection with Mr. Macaulay, Mr. McDonell, and Capt. Hanzoost Herchmer. On May 27, 1794, he was granted 600 acres of land near the Kingston Mills, adjoining Capt. H. "Harkimer" to the northward ( U. C. Land and State Book A, p. 139). As previously stated, he appears in the D. W. Smith Papers as a land claimant. He was a J.P. and, according to the records of the Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the Midland District, he, with Mr. Atkinson and Mr. Cartwright, Sr., constituted the Court of Requests for Kingston and Pittsburgh in the year 1794. At the January Sessions in 1796 he was appointed Treasurer of the District, A. McLean, Esq., having removed from the District and so vacated the office. Mr. Markland was the father of the Hon. George H. Markland, M.L.C., and a merchant. Mention is made of him in Mr. Cartwright's lists of exporters of flour and pork. As already stated, he was for some time in partnership with Mr. Robert Macaulay and with him was responsible for the collection of the subscriptions toward the original building fund of the Church. He made an affidavit in the dispute over the burying ground already alluded to, setting forth, among other things, that Sir John Johnson's Second Battalion of the Royal Yorkers was in garrison at Fort Frontenac in the year 1783; that it was disbanded there in 1784; that Mr. Stuart made his first visit to the place in the latter year and moved up his family to it in 1785; that the town was laid out by Mr. Kotté, a Government surveyor in 1784; that the burying ground was under the care of the Revd. Dr. Stuart and his wardens; and that no other clergyman but Dr. Stuart ever officiated there, certainly not the Revd. Mr. Bethune, chaplain of the 84th, at Carleton Island. On February 17, 1816, Mr. Markland was appointed one of the trustees of "a Triangular piece marked F in the Plan of Kingston for the purpose of erecting thereon a Lancasterian School." In U.C. Land Book I, p. 324, his co-trustees appear to have been The Revd. G. O. Stuart, Mr. "Allen" McLean, Mr. Lawrence Herchmer, and Mr. William Mitchell. On August 28, 1818, Messrs. Markland, McLean, and Mitchell were granted the market-place in trust. It was stipulated that the muncipality should neither ask nor receive any compensation if the land should be wanted by Government for fortifications ( U. C. Land Book J, p. 386). "To assist in supporting the Hospital," the Revd. G. O. Stuart, Mr. McLean, and Mr. Markland were made trustees of "a triangular piece of land of six acres near Kingston vacant and grantable." Apparently they had applied for Lots 436, 437, 438, and 439, North St., "if said street opposite these Lots be included in the Grant, they will afford sufficient space for an Hospital and spacious Gardens in an high and airy Situation." But North St. was already shut up by the grant for the burial ground ( U. C. Land Book J, p.418). William Atkinson. He had been resident in Canada since 1784. On December 24, 1791, a little less than seven months before the Government of Upper Canada was organized, the Executive Council of the old Province of Quebec made additions to the Land Boards, Col. Simcoe, as he then was, being already in the Province. Among those who then became members of the Board for the District of Mecklenburg, were Mr. Richard Cartwright, Sr., and Capt. Atkinson. They were continued as members of the Land Board for the County of Frontenac at the reorganization by Simcoe on the 20th of October, 1792. Capt. Atkinson was made a member also of the Land Claims Board of 1797-1798 for the Midland District, sitting with the Chief Justice (Elmsley), the Hon. Richard Cartwright, Joshua Booth, Alexander Fisher, and Archibald McDonell. A claim of his own-to the East 1-2 of Lot 3, Township of Kingston-was seemingly decided in his favour. Through an error in transcription, as appears from a letter* of the Secretary of the Board (Mr. Allan McLean), which was written on December 12, 1798, effect had not been given to the decision. As early as August 15, 1791, he had been ordered, as a Captain of Associated Loyalists, 1,250 additional acres of land "to put him on a footing with officers of equal Rank of the late 84th Regt." (Quebec Land Book, Upper Canada) p.300). On July 8, 1794, when he prayed with Neil and Hector McLean, Richard Porter, and Richard Cartwright, Sr., for waste lands of the Crown, it was ordered that a letter be written to find out what lands the petitioners had received (Q 282, 2, p. 426). *D. W. Smith Papers. Archibald Thomson. He was the contractor for building the Church in 1792. His account, which appears as the Carpenter's, was £113, 7, 3; Joseph Forsyth's £9, 6, 4; the Plasterer's £7, 18, 9; the Glazier's £2, 14; Cumming & Smith's £1; Raushorn's (for lime) 16s.; Richard Cartwright's £30, 12, 9; and that for lath £3. On June 28, 1794, Thomson was granted "a water lot parallel with Town Lot 34 for the purpose of building a Wharf and Store thereon-on the same terms im posed on other Inhabitants" (U.C. Land and State Book A, p. 179). The Quebec Gazette of August 2, 1781, chronicled his marriage to Miss McKay, of Quebec. Emmanuel Ellerbeck. The name appears frequently as Elderbeck. The owner of it was, on resolution of the Vestry, employed on June 13, 1795, with Francis Wykott, to erect and finish a gallery in the Church. This, as has been already shewn, was to hold a hundred soldiers and the expense was to he met out of the pew rents, which then amounted to £34 a year. What the contractors received is not stated, though John Bryant got three shillings for altering the seats, J. Richardson 10s. for 150 feet of plank, Fairfield 15s. for 200 feet, Thomas Burnet £1 for 20 bushels of lime, and Denison 1s. for 96 feet of timber at 2d. per foot. Dr. James Latham. He was a Surgeon's Mate and an Army Surgeon from 1756 to 1777 and he prayed for a grant of land proportioned to his rank and services. He was granted 2.000 acres according to the entry on page 295 of U.C. Land and State Book A. Possibly he was the same man who, according to the Quebec Gazette, made a campaign in favour of inoculation against the smallpox in Quebec and Montreal in the years 1769 and 1786. If so, he had been attached to the 8th Regiment of Foot. Peter Smith. As early as January, 1786, he appears in Mr. Cartwright's Letter Book (Shortt Collection). Then he is advised to extend his trade in the wake of the survey recently made toward Lake Huron from Toronto and the Bay of "Kenti"; also to buy as much maple sugar as possible from the Indians. For the sugar Mr. Cartwright offered to give him 6d. Halifax Currency per pound, a quantity to be delivered before the end of the ensuing June. In July of the same year he was urged to take William Dickson* into partnership, a suggestion which he did not relish. In August, 1789, he and a cousin of Mr. Cartwright, Richard Beasley,* who seems to have been then his partner, were granted 200 acres each at Toronto and Pemiscutiauk, "a place on the north of Lake Ontario, if in the Gift of the Crown and not interfering with any general or public arrangement" (Q Series, Vol.43, II, p.567). From this grant seems to have come the old name of Port Hope, Smith's Creek. Pemiscutiauk appears in Smith's Gazetteer of Upper Canada as Pemetescoutiang (p.124). *This Mr. Dickson was presumably the future member of the Legislative Council who lived at Niagara. Mr. Beasley settled at the Head of the Lake, was Speaker of the Assembly, and a colonel of Militia as well as a J.P. On July 20, 1792, while the newly sworn Executive Council of the Province was still sitting at Kingston, Mr. Smith was granted leave, "under certain Reservations, Limitations, & Restrictions, to build a Wharf 36 feet from the Beach outwards and 132 feet wide; also a Store House 80 feet long by 15 broad-in consequence of the Shallowness of the Water" (U.C. Land and State Book A, pp.17-18.). On his applying, in May, 1794, for 1,200 acres at the east end of the peninsula in front of the Township of Murray, it was ordered that "Enquiry be made to know what Lands he holds in the Province" (Q Series, Vol.282, II, p. 364). For some time after settling in Kingston, Mr. Smith was evidently in partnership with Mr. John Cumming. In Mr. Cartwright's list for 1800, however, their shipments of flour, potash, and pork are given separately. Together Mr. Smith and Mr. Cumming preferred a claim for half of Lot 13, Concession 5, Township of Kingston, which was declared to be the East Half (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, p. 183). Bills for payment of the accounts for erecting the gallery in the Church in 1795 were to be drawn on Mr. Smith, as has been before mentioned, he to be reimbursed out of the pew rents. Amos Ansley. The name is variously spelled Ainsley or Aensley. On the 24th of May, 1793, Mr. Ansley was refused permission for an Iron Bloomery, minerals being reserved to the use of the Crown (U.C. Land and State Book A, p.82). His claim to the East 1-2 of Lot 29 on the north side of black (sic) River, Township of Maryshorough, originally drawn by Corporal Dick, was allowed by the Land Claims Board (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol B 10, p.272). In return for a perpetual lease of the King's Mills at Kingston, he offered "to build a Grist Mill, and Saw Mill. . . , Grist Mill with two run of Stones, and furnish all materials for the Sum of Six hundred Pounds Halifax Currency." This offer the Executive Council rejected on January 27, 1807 (U. C. Land Book D, pp.326-7). He fared no better on May 12, 1808, when he again asked for a lease, though not in perpetuity ( U. C. Land Book E, p.75). Other proposals in regard to this public franchise will be found under the name of David Brass. Christopher Georgen. In 1791 he was a Warden and in 1792 a Vestryman. On the debit side of the accounts for 1791 appears: "To Christopher Georgen's Subscription 15s.; on the credit side, offsetting this: "Cash paid for refitting the Stove 8d.; a pane of Glass & putting it into the Window 10d.; Altering the Surplus (sic) 4s.; Cash paid the Drummer 7s; A Lock for the Grave Yard 2s. a total of 15s. His applications to the Executive Council were quite unsuccessful. "Inadmissible" is the curt comment, on October 17, 1792, upon his petition for leave "to build a Shop near the Hospital at Kingston" (U.C. Land and State Book A, p.34). Still earlier, on December 24, 1791, the Council at Quebec had refused him Lot 93 in town, "as he is already in possession of one Lot, on which a House is built, where he actually resides, and seeing the Board consider his application is made with the intention to monopolize which by the rules and regulations is to be guarded against" (Quebec Land Book for Upper Canada, pp. 373-4). Guarded against it was in Lord Dorchester's time and in that of Sir Alured Clarke, when he was Lieutenant-Governor of the undivided Province of Quebec. Later on, however, particularly under the "weak administration" of Mr. President Russell, there was a very carnival of land-grabbing on the part of those who came within the favoured circle. Alexander Aitken. He was the Deputy Surveyor for the District of Mecklenburg and as such he had much to do with placing settlers on their land. He reported that sixty-five persons had entered the District between October, 1789, and October, 1790. On March 12, 1791, his report on the Mill Seat at Kingston is quoted in the entry in the Council Book recording the refusal of the prayer of the petition of the Minister and Church Wardens for that property. Nathaniel Lines. He prayed for a grant of Isle Forąt on June 19, 1789, describing himself as an Interpreter of the "Messessaga" language and alleging that he had drawn 800 acres of barren land in Pittsburgh (Q Series, Vol.43,11, p. 557). The petition was rejected because the island was claimed by the Mississaugas. As Interpreter, his salary is given as £85, 3, 4, the rate of pay being 4s, 8d per diem. On October 19,1792, he is reported to have petitioned as an Indian Interpreter "for a Piece of Ground opposite His Town Lot at Kingston." The application was dismissed because it was deemed inexpedient to grant that parcel of land (U.C. Land and State Book A, p.30, and Q Series, Vol.282, I, p. 2). However, on May 7, 1797, he was voted 1,200 acres as a reduced subaltern (U.C. Land Book B, p. 240). Richard Cartwright, Sr. According to the family monument in St. Paul's Churchyard, he was born in London, England, on the 18th of November, 1720. Thence he migrated to Albany, N.Y., which he left in 1778 to come to Canada. He is supposed to have been enrolled in the militia of the Province of New York during the "French War" of 1756-1763 or the American Revolutionary War, or both, and to have been awarded for his services a military pension on the basis of a subaltern's pay. This he enjoyed down to 1783, judging from a petition for land which the Hon. Richard Cartwrigbt, as his son and heir, presented to Council. This Petition was read on August 12, 1795, the Council granting the prayer of it to the extent of 500 acres. On the formation of the settlement at Cataraqui in 1784, Mr. Cartwright, Sr., repaired thither, as he stated in a petition for land, which he himself presented in company with Neil McLean, Richard Porter, and William Atkinson ( U. C. Land and State Book A, July 8, 1794, p.198). He was early appointed a Justice of the Peace and, as before stated, he became a member of the Land Board of Mecklenburg just on the eve of the proclamation of the Constitutional Act by Sir Alured Clarke, on December 24, 1791. Of the Board for the County of Frontenac he continued to be a member practically down to the time of its abolition in 1794. In Q Series, Vol.51,1, pp.372-3, he is described as "a very worthy and deserving Loyalist." He had been assigned Lot 20, on which he had built a house, and he had the ferry across the river. As his lot, Neil McLean's, and Archibald McDonell's were supposed to be needed for military and naval purposes, he agreed to exchange his holding for 200 acres "not a great distance from the former Lot." Mr. McDonell demurring, all three were left in undisturbed possession, as "in the opinion of the Board, Government will have occasion for neither, as Timber and firewood for the use of the Garrison [at Point Frederick] may at all times be purchased for less money than the cutting it down would cost to supply fuel and wood for building" (Quebec Land Book for Upper Canda, pp. 370-2). In 1745 he had married Johanna Beasley, a native of Albany, who was born September 6, 1726, and was buried in Kingston, September 6, 1795. Mr. Cartwright had predeceased her by rather less than a year, having been buried on October 23, 1794. So far as is known, Mr. Cartwright, Sr., and Mr. Markland were the first Churchwardens of the parish. David Brass. He had served in Butler's Rangers. Having already received 950 acres, he petitioned for 1050 in the Township of Hope, in order to make up his full tale of 2,000 acres. This township having been granted at an early date after the division of the provinces to associates who were to colonize it, the petition had to be rejected. In 1794 and 1795 the records of the Quarter Sessions of the Peace show him to have been Road Master between Kingston and Kingston Mills. In 1797 he applied for lands in Elizabethtown (U.C. Land Book C, p. 255) and was "recommended for the Lots prayed for, if they are vacant, and the quantity in them does not exceed his military allowance." On November 17, 1807, he prayed for a lease of the seat of the Kingston Mills for twenty-one years at the rate of £15 per annum. Two years before both grist and saw mills had been burned, therefore Capt. Brass represented that it would tend to the settlement of Pittsburgh and of the remote parts of the Township of Kingston and to the comfort of the inhabitants, if they were rebuilt. This he undertook to do in eighteen months, provided the materials from the old mills were delivered to him; and he promised, after occupying and using the premises, to give them up in good repair, "regard being had to the decay that time must necessarily occasion." He proposed to erect a substantial frame building 30 x 40 ft., of two stories, upon a stone foundation, "with the appendages for grinding and boulting." His agent in the business was Mr. Allan McLean and the sureties whom he offered were Mr. John Cumming and Mr. James Robins (UC. State Book D, pp.410-3). Also on November 17, 1807, it is interesting to observe, an Order in Council, which had been passed on April 28, in favour of a lease of the Mill Seat to Jacob Fraser, Issac Fraser, and Daniel Fraser, at a rental of £30, was revised and rescinded (Ibid, p. 410). On March 6, 1811, David Brass, Jr., and Peter Brass, both described as Gentlemen, were granted town lots in Kingston (UC. Land Book I, p.54), a new survey of lots of one chain in breadth by two chains in length having been made some time before. John Everett. In the Report on the Minutes of the Land Board of Mecklenburg from March 23 to June 29,1791, which was considered by the Executive Council at Quebec on December 24, 1791, John Everett claimed land as a Captain of Associated Loyalists under the Orders in Council of October 28, 1788, and July 21, 1790 (Quebec Land Book for Upper Canada, p.373). In 1797 he preferred before the Land Claims Board of the Midland District a claim to the East side of Lot 7, Concession I, Township of Kingston (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, p.207). At various times in 1792 and 1793 Dr. Stuart made mention of Capt. Everett in writing to the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. As a typical instance the following quotation from the letter of February 23, 1792, will serve: "On the first Friday in every Month, he preaches at a Captain Everett's, 5 miles from Kingston, by which means a Number of poor people of the neighbouring Township of Ernest have the benefit of it, and it counteracts the views of the Methodists, who were gaining a footing in that retired corner" (S. P. G. Journals, Vol.26, pp.22-199). Matthew Donovan. He appears as a signatory of the petition of the Minister, Churchwardens, Vestrymen, and Principal inhabitants of Kingston for the Kingston Mills. He was in charge of the school from 1788 to 1792, being spoken of by Dr. Stuart, in his letter of February 23, 1789, as "an Irishman, an excellent Latin Scholar, and of long experience in his profession" (S. P. G. Journals, Vol.25, p.32). Who took charge of the school between 1792 and 1795, the year in which George Okill Stuart took it over, it is difficult to say. From entries of 1794 and 1795 in the D. W. Smith Papers (Vol. B, pp.33 and 39) it would appear as though Mr. Donovan was by the earlier year at least settled in Newark (Niagara), for he had been entered as the grantee of Lot 239 in that town. John Ferguson. In the Kingston Gazette of July 21, 1812, Mr. Ferguson and Alexander McDonell advertised for sale "that pleasantly situated and commodious house, near the town of Kingston, lately the property of Sir John Johnson." This may perhaps be taken to a certain extent as corroboration of Col. Clark's statement that Mr. Ferguson was a son-in-law of Sir William Johnson and Mrs. Molly Brant, though in another place he speaks of him in the same connection as "Farquharson." The third entry in Dr. Stuart's Register of Marriages is that of John Ferguson and Helen Johnson, in 1791. Whatever may be the truth of the matter just mentioned, there is no doubt that Mr. Ferguson was a man of some importance in the community. According to Dr. Adam Shortt (Early Records of Ontario, p.43) and the late Dr. W. Wilfred Campbell (A List of Members of the House of Assembly, p.173), he represented Frontenac in the second Parliament of Upper Canada from 1800 to 1804, the records of the Quarter Sessions containing references to the assessment of the amount of his "wages" as member. Other activities are set out by Mr. W. S. Herrington, K.C., in Vol. IX of Papers and Records of the Lennox and Addington Historical Society, p. 7. Representations were made to the Executive Council at York by Mr. Ferguson and his fellow-commissioners of roads, on November 17, 1807, expressing their willingness "to relinquish their share of £1,000 because the bridge over the Nen (Rouge) is down" (U.C. State Book D, p.76). These fellow-commissioners were Richard Cartwright, Hazelton Spencer, Alexander Fisher, John Cumming, Joseph Forsyth, and James Fulton. On May 11, 1795, Mr. Ferguson was said to have been entered for Lot 156 on the old plan of Newark (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 5, p.38). In 1797 he laid claim to certain lots in the Township of Sidney and "the Lot next adjoining the North end of the Town of Kingston" (Ibid, Vol. B 10, p.169). According to the Council Minutes of April 16, 1793, (Q Series, Vol, 282, I, p.295) he, like many other men, was in the colonizing business. On the date in question he, with Robert Kerr, William Johnson, James Vanhorne, and other Associated Loyalists, was granted "a Township to the Southward of the River Trent, and in the Rear of the Township of Murray or Cramahé." John Cumming. A variant "Cummings" is found for this name in the Register and "Cummin" in the D. W. Smith Papers. As has been already stated, Mr. Cumming was a merchant, in partnership with Mr. Peter Smith, with whom he, in 1799, made claim to the East Half of Lot 13, Concession 5, in the Township of Kingston (Ibid, Vol. B 10, p. 255). In 1798 John Cumming & Co., were agents for the ship York, according to Mr. Cartwright's Letter Book, which also is the authority for the amount of his shipments of flour and potash to Montreal in 1800 for himself and E. Washburn. Mr. Cumming was a J.P. As before mentioned, he was one of the sureties offered by David Brass in the matter of the proposed lease of the Kingston Mills, in 1807. In the same year too he was a Commissioner of Roads. As early as July 10, 1793, he appears to have been the holder of a town lot in the newly founded town of York, which from the outset was much in the eye of speculators in land, notwithstanding the orders against monopolizing. (Q Series, Vol.283, I, p. 326). On March 25, 1806, he was associated with the Revd. A. McDonell, Donald McDonell, and Pierre Fortier as a trustee for lots 247 and 248 in Kingston "in Trust for a Roman Catholic Chapel to be built thereon under the regulations acted upon the 6th of July, 1804" (U.C. Land Book G, p.39). In the petition for these lots the Revd. A. McDonell, who became the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Kingston, describes himself as a Missionary of the Catholic Church, resident in the Township of Charlottenburgh. Philip Pember. On October 17, 1792, according to the entry in Land and State Book A, p. 32, he petitioned for 132 ft. x 66 ft. near Mr. Markland's lot, the name being spelled by the writer of the entry Pimber. The petition was referred to the Land Board for a report. In 1796 he received from the magistrates in their Sessions, as was necessary, a certificate of fitness for obtaining a liquor license. On May 7, 1797, he was recommended for 400 acres as a Corporal and 300 acres as family lands, including former grants" (U. C. Land Book C, p.256). In the same year he claimed Lots 25 and 59 in town, the West Half of Lot 20, Concession I, Township of Kingston, and Lot 7, Concession 6, in Loughborough (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, pp. 185, 211, 225). On the showing of Mr. Allan McLean, Clerk to the Commissioners, he ought to have been reported for Lot 25 in the Township, not in town (Ibid. p.257). In 1790 he was sworn in as a constable for the town, so the Sessions records show. Mahion Knight. In D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, p. 200) he is in 1801 described as a yeoman. At that time he was allowed the South Half of Lot 12, Concession 3, in the Township of Kingston, which had originally been drawn by himself and William Bowen. On his claim to the West Half of Lot 12, Concession 2, in the Township of Kingston the note is, "William Atkinson willing to convey, but, if the Patent not advanced, the Party would rather have it in his own name" (Ibid. p.217). In 1797 he had laid claim to two other parcels of land in the Township of Kingston, the East Half of 11, 3, and the East Half of 11, 2, and also to Lots 36, 37, 38, Concession 1, in the Township of Sidney. The last mentioned were really in Concession 4 (Ibid. pp. 183 and 229). John Symington. He may have been a member of the firm of Douglas & Symington who had, to all appearance, carried on business at Niagara, but had been obliged to make an assignment, in November, 1785, to R. Ellice & Co., McKenny & Co., and Pollard & Mason (Quebec Gazette, November 10, 1785). A letter from the Hon. Richard Cartwright, dated May 5, 1786, shows that this firm had enjoyed the privilege of relading liquor to the garrison (Cartwright Letter Book, Shortt Collection). Bryan Crawford. In the Upper Canada Gazette of July 10, 1794, he is mentioned as a Captain of Militia in the County of Lenox (Q Series, 280,1, p.246). In the records of the Sessions of the Peace for the Midland District for January 14, 1794, his name appears as one of the Justices sitting at the Quarter Sessions at Adolphus Town. It continues to appear in the same connection down to 1816. On the 10th of April in the former year he, Mr. Spencer, and Mr. T. Thomson made up the Court of Requests for the Townships of Fredericksburgh and Richmond. He seems to have been a brother of Redford Crawford and to have leased the Napanee Mills from the Hon. Richard Cartwright in 1799 and 1800. In the latter year he made way for Mr. Thomas Beasley, Mr. Cartwright's cousin. In August, 1800, he had paid an instalment on a note to Mr. Stuart, but for what consideration the note was given is not explained. (Cartwright Letter Book, Shortt Collection, for 1799 and 1800). Mrs. Mary Brant. The accepted spelling of the name is Brant, though both Brand and Brandt are found. Miss Molly, as she seems to have been respectfully called, was held in high estimation by Whites and Indians alike, being known as "the elder sister of the Mohawk Nation." A letter* from Col. Daniel Claus to Sir Frederick Haldimand, Governor in Chief of Canada, tells of her influence over the Five Nations and of her success in keeping as adherents to the British cause, after 1777, some of those who were wavering in their allegiance. She well deserved the pension of £93, 6, 8, which she received annually from the Imperial military chest (Q Series, Vol. 57, II, p. 432) and the grant of land which, because of her loyalty, she received for herself individually, as also did her brother Joseph, and Captains John, Isaac, and "Aron" (U. C. Land and State Book A, pp. 64-5). *This letter, which was dated at Montreal on the 30th of August 1779, is quoted in Annals of Niagara, by william Kirby, F.R.S.C., at PP. 59-60. By the Indians, Col. Claus avers in the letter already cited, Miss Molly was regarded as the relict of Sir William Johnson, Bart., the Indian Superintendent in the old Colony days, who, by the aid of his Indians from the Mohawk Valley, took Niagara in 1759. "Whose memory," he continues, "she never mentioned without tears." Capt. Farley, of the 60th Regiment, Lient. Lemoine, of the 24th, John Ferguson (or Farquharson), Esq., of the Indian Stores, Capt. Earle, of the Royal Navy, and Doctor Kerr, "an eminent Surgeon," are enumerated by Col. Clark as the sons-in-law of Sir William and Miss Molly. The Colonel's lapses of memory have to be borne in mind, as already stated in the notes on Mr. Macaulay and Capt. Farley. Mrs. Kerr was a niece, not a daughter, of the estimable woman. For a time Miss Molly, like her brother Joseph and the members of his band, appears to have lived at Niagara. In that town she was granted Lot 21, as indicated in a letter of May 11, 1795, from Mr. Secretary Small to Mr. Surveyor-General Smith (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B. 5, p. 35). Some of her land was in Fredericksburgh and Kingston, her holding in the former having been the West Half of Lot 20, Concession 6 (Ibid., Vol. B 10, p. 202). From a "Return of Lands Granted by the Honourable Council, July 24, 1793," it can be learned that on the 6th of October, 1792, she prayed "for leave to enclose part of the Common or Waste Land at Cataraqui and to give an equivalent quantity of an Enclosure in lieu of it." The leave asked for was apparently granted. Her death, which the Register shews to have occurred in April, 1796, is placed by Col. Clark in 1805! She was buried in what is now St. Paul's Churchyard, as were most of her contemporaries. Michael Dederick. This, notwithstanding the form given in the list of benefactors, is presumably the correct spelling of the surname. Thus it is written in the D. W. Smith Papers (Vol. B 10, p.220), in the record of the confirmation to him of Lot 19, Concession 1, in the Township of Kingston. This he had purchased from Charles Grass. At the Quarter Sessions held at Kingston on the 25th of April, 1797, he was sworn as a constable to attend the Grand Jury. Thomas Beasley. His father and Mrs. Cartwright being brother and sister, he was a cousin of the Hon. Richard Cartwright, with whom both he and his brother Richard had business dealings. Thomas did not fill so large a place in the life of the Province as did Richard, whose career has been slightly sketched in connection with Mr. Peter Smith. In 1799 Thomas and his cousin Cartwright were in treaty as to the former's taking the management, if not a lease, of the latter's mills at Napanee, where he stayed till at east 1801 (Cartwright Letter Book, Shortt Collection). The relations subsisting between the cousins were not entirely of a commercial nature, for Mr. Cartwright writes: "In the latter [the large Box] is a Hat, Coat, and Waistcoat for Tom; and you will give him coarse Cloth and Trimmings for a Pr. Trousers at my Expence." Later on he intimates that he is sendmg Mr. Beasley a present of the first six volumes of Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. He lends him Hume's History of England in six volumes, adding that, when they are returned, the loan of Smollet's (sic) Continuation shall be forthcoming, "which I wish first to read myself." John Roushorn. His name has been already found in connection with the supplying of lime for the Church. In 1795 he was a Road Master. In 1797 he claimed the South Half of Lot 15, Concession 2, in the Township of Kingston. As a "U.E.," he was allowed Lot 17, Concession 2 (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, pp.212 and 275). The use of the letters U.E.L. appears to be a modern invention, the original order issued having been that those who had adhered to the unity of the British Empire should be entitled to place after their names the letters U.E. Barnabas Day. Barnabas, not Bart, appears to have been the name of Mr. Day. The former is found in the D. W. Smith Papers and in the records of the Masonic Lodge, as quoted in the History of Freemasonry in Canada. The Papers (Vol. B 10, pp. 170 and 222) show that he laid claim, in 1797, to Lot 53 in town and that he was allowed the West Half of Lot 14 in the 2nd Concession of the Township of Kingston. In the latter he is credited (at p.572) with having presented to the Lodge "a painted Floor cloth" and a Bible. According to the records of the Sessions of the Peace, he was a constable for the Township of Kingston in 1795 and a Road Master in 1796. Of William McDonell, John Duncan, Duncan Cameron, Titis Simons, Thomas Cook, John Detler, George Johnston, Thomas Bonett, Just Meeler, Sep McLean, Wilm Stoughton, Saml. Merrell, George Harpel, George Buck, Jacob Cowley, and John Wetzel, it has been impossible to obtain any information other than that contained in the Register itself, although there is some reason to believe that there are descendants of some of them still living within the limits of the old Mecklenburg or Midland District. Even the Register is silent concerning Simons, Detler, Meeler, McLean, Harpel, Cowley, and Wetzel. McDonell and Johnson appear as sponsors; Duncan as a pewholder; and Cameron as a sponsor and as a Vestryman in the years 1798 and 1799. From letters written by Mr. Cartwright in 1799 he may have been a partner of Mr. Herchmer. It is not improbable that Bonett ought to be Burnett, in which case Thomas Burnett will be found among the pewholders and sponsors. Mr. Stoughton, whose son became a clergyman, appears as a father, a sponsor, a pewholder, and a Warden for the year 1797. Mr. Merrill, who was a vestryman in 1802, was married in Kingston and his children were baptized there. His son also became a clergyman. The only record of Mr. Buck is in the character of father. Meeler may have been the same as Ensign Jos. Meeler of the King's Rangers, mentioned in a list of reduced officers at page 300 of the Quebec Land Book.
Church Wardens 1789-1911
THERE is no record of Wardens having been elected earlier than 1789. The Bishop of Nova Scotia enjoined upon the clergy gathered at Quebec in that year the desirability of having such. "Church and Town Warden," which appears after Capt. Richardson's name in 1795, not to speak of later years, is an evidence of the operation of the Act of the Provincial Parliament, passed in the year 1793*-"to provide for the Nomination and Appointment of Parish and Town Officers within this Province." *W. P. M. Kennedy Documents of the Canadian Constitution. 1759-1915, PP. 229-232. This attempt to perpetuate in Upper Canada the American institution, the Town Meeting, which is still in full vigour in the United States, was repugnant to Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe. Therefore he did his best to see that this Statute should be made as innocuous as possible. Yet seven years before his advent in the Province, Mr. Stuart had written to the Society-on October 1, 1785,-announcing that the inhabitants of New Oswegatchie (Cornwall) had "formally, at a public Town Meeting" elected Mr. Bryan to be their "Pastor." The formal record of the names of Wardens begins only with the year 1791. Mr. Cartwright, Sr., and Mr. Markland had signed as such the petition for the King's Mills at Kingston, as has been already indicated, in 1789. For 1790 Mr. Anderson's and Capt. Richardson's names have been recovered respectively from the accounts for Oser's salary as Clerk, on April 21, 1791, and for the payment to Charles Swanne for 3 Benches, on March 20, 1790. The name of Alexander Thomson is given in the undated, Minutes of the Easter Vestry of 1792. In those of August 13, 1792, he is called Archibald, which would appear to be correct. There is some confusion in the names of the Wardens for 1798. In the Church accounts and the Vestry Minutes dated April 9, Mr. Cumming is set down as Town and Church Warden. In the Vestry Minutes dated on the preceding day Capt. William Anderson is so described. In the Minutes of 1807 Mr. Cumming's name is spelled Cummings, a kind of mistake which is not uncommon even at the present time in some parts of the Province. 1789: Richard Cartwright, Sr. Thomas Markland 1790: J. Anderson James Richardson 1791: Christopher Georgen Capn. James Richardson 1792: Capn. William Atkinson Alexander Thompson 1793: Capn. Robert Macaulay Mr. Peter Smith 1794: James Robins William Atkinson 1795: Capn. James Richardson (Church & Town Warden) Mr. James Russell 1796: Capn. James Richardson Joseph Anderson, Esqre. 1797: Joseph Forsyth William Stoughton 1798: John Cumming (Town & Church Warden) Mr. John Ferguson 1799: Willm. Atkinson John Ferguson 1800: Mr. Laurence Herkimer (Herchmer)-Church Warden, chosen by the Minister. Capn. David Brass (Town & Church Warden, ch. by the Parish) 1801: Mr. Thomas Sparham (chosen by the Minister) Capn. James Richardson (Town & Church Warden) 1802: Jas. Robins John Kerby (or Kirby) 1803: Thomas Markland, Esqr. Joseph Forsyth, Esqr. 1804: Mr. Richard Robinson (Robison?) Mr. Jermyn Patrick 1805: By the Minister-The Honble. Richard Cartwright, Esqr. By the Parishioners-Thomas Markland, Esqre. 1806: Joseph Anderson, Esqr.-By the Minister. Peter Smith, Esqr.-By the Parishioners. 1807: William Crawford, Esqr.-by the Minister John Cumming, Esqr.-by the Parishioners 1808: Major William Crawford William Robins 1809: William Crawford, Esq.-chosen by the Minister Dr. Ashton Smith-by the Parishioners 1810: Mr. Lawrance Herckmer (Herchmer)-chosen by the Minister Mr. John Kerby (Kirby)-by the Parishioners 1811: Mr. John Cumming-chosen by the Minister Mr. Robert Walker-by the parishioners
VESTRY MEN.
What was said about the lateness in beginning to record the names of the Wardens applies equally to those of the Vestry-men. It has been impossible to recover the names of the men who held that office in 1790. It was only through their being at the end of the petition for the King's Mills that Capt. Anderson's and Capt. Grass' were found for 1789. It has not been possible as yet to learn who were the Vestrymen from 1803 to 1811. 1789 Joseph Anderson Michael Grass 1791 Archibald Thomson Capn. William Atkinson, Esqre. 1792 Christopher Georgen Ichabod Hawley 1793 Lieut. James Robins Mr. James Russell 1794 Joseph Forsyth John Everett 1795 Mr. Archibald Thomson Mr. Nathaniel Lynes 1796 Thomas Markland, Esqre. Mr. William Stoughton 1797 Nathaniel Taylor John Ferguson 1798 Laurence Herkimer (Herchmer) Duncan Cameron 1799 Laurence Herkimer (Herchmer) Duncan Cameron 1800 Allan McLean, Esqr. Mr. Thomas Sparham, Junr. 1801 Mr. James Russell Mr. Christopher Fornyea 1802 Mr. Samuel Merril(l) Mr. P. Grass
CLERKS AND "SAXTONS."
In the beginning the two offices were apparently separate, Gilbert Oser and William Emory (or Emery) holding the former in 1789-1790 and in 1790-1792 respectively. In 1792 John Cannon, who had, in the year preceding, been appointed "Saxton," was made Clerk also. He so continued down to 1801, when he was succeeded in the sextonship by John Darley. Darley, apparently, was a Vestryman in 1802, but he resigned on becoming Clerk and P. Grass took his place in the former office. Oser's receipts as Clerk were £4, 10, on March 20 1790, and £2, on April 21, 1791, "per Order of J. Anderson." His term of office came to an end on October 5, 1790. There was some difficulty, in 1792, about raising the amount of Emory's salary of £12, for the undated Minutes of the Easter Vestry of that year contain a resolution "that a Subscription be made for the Payment of the Clerk William Emery." This was done to April 8,1792. On August 13, 1792, it was "Resolved that Jno Cannon shall be paid two shills & six Pences for each Sunday that he officiates as Clerk, commencing May 27,1792." In April, 1795, his "Sellary" was two years in arrear-£23, 11, 7. He was then entitled also to £3, 13, 3 for collecting Pew money, for sale and rent, £140, 10 at 2 1/2 per cent. On March 31, 1796, he was to receive £10 currency for the ensuing year, "for which Sum he agrees to discharge the duties of Clerk, Sexton, and Bell Ringer, &c., &c., and attend the Stove properly, during cold weather." On April 6, 1801, the consideration was made £11. The reason for Cannon's going out of office does not appear. On September 6, 1801, "it was resolved that Mr. Darley shall act as Clerk & Sexton for the present year, with the same Allowance as his Predecessor, that his Salary is to commence on June 16 past, and that he is to be paid for every Grave at the Rate of one Dollar each, for ringing the Bell 2/6d, for the use of the Pall 2/6d and, when the Sexton invites to a Funeral, the Fee to be 2/6d." On April 29, 1802, he was continued "as Clark at Eleven Pounds a year, for which he is to act as clark & Sexton, to Ring the Bell on Sundays and Holy Days and to Keep the Fire in the Stove in the winter Season." On April 18, 1803, there is a receipt in full for the last year's salary. In 1807 this was raised to £15, at which rate, as the Church accounts show, he continued to serve till Easter, 1811, at least, although there is no mention of him in the Vestry Minutes between 1807 and 1811. On page 463 of the History of Freemasonry in Canada it is stated that Darley was born in London, England, that he kept the Freemasons' Tavern, at which Lodge No.6 used to meet till he became manager of the Kingston Brewery in 1797. Thereafter the meetings were held in his house, in Rideau St., near Robins' Brewery. Mrs. Darley was presented with a new hat by the brethren in consideration of the trouble to which she had been put in preparing for the meetings (P.577). In the Lodge he frequently held office, having been its first treasurer. He had acted as D.G.W. pro tem at the constitution of the Lodge on the 7th of August, 1794. On his death he was buried with Masonic honours on the 3rd of June, 1821. As early as August, 1805, he had been Deputy Sheriff and in 1803 High Constable for the County.
PEWHOLDERS, 17th MARCH, 1794.
At a meeting of the congregation belonging to St. George's at Kingston, the following pews where (sic) sold at Vandue to the different parsons (sic) whose Names are as follows, viz No.1. The Reverent (sic) Mr. Stewart 2. Mr. Peter Smith £3-5-0 3. Mr. John Bain 3-0-0 4. Wm. Coffin, Esqr 2-15-0 5. Alen McLean, Esqr 4-0-0 6. Robert Macaulay, Esqr 3-15-0 7. Neail McLean, Esqr. 4-5-0 8. Ditto 4-5-0 9. Goveners 10. James Richardson 2-5-0 11. William Atkinson, Esqr 2-5-0 12. Mr. Robert Graham 2-5-0 13. Mr. William Stoughton 1-12-6 14. Mr. Charles Heslop 2-0-0 15. Mr. Christifer Georgen 2-0-0 16. Mr. John Hanney 2-0-0 17. Mr. - Grant 1-17-6 18 & 19 The Honurable Richd. Cartwright 9-15-0 20. Mr. Phillip Pember 4-10-0 21. Mr. Jonathan Goram 3-10-0 22. Mr. James Robins 3-10-0 23. Mr. James Russell 5-5-0 24. Mr. Jonathan Goram 6-5-0 25. Mr. Joseph Forsyth 6-0-0 26. Mr. Thomas Markland 4-15-0 27. Mr. Alexr. Atkins 5-0-0 28. Mr. Emanuel Elderbeck 4-8-6 29. Mr. Francis Costa, Esqr. 4-0-0 30. Mr. Galloway 3-5-0 31. Mr. John Duncan 2-5-0
JUNE YE 2 th, 1795.
At a meeting of the Congregation belonging to St. George's Church at Kingston, the following pewes where (sic) sold at Vandue to the persons whose Names are undermentioned, viz.: No.32 Mr. John Cannon £1-11-0 paid 33 James Richardson 1-11-0 paid 34 Mr. James Robison 1-11-0 paid 35 Mr. George Loyd 1-11-0 paid 36 Mr. Michel Grass 1-11-0 paid 37 Mr. Christefor Furney 1-11-0 paid In the list of rents for 1798, the rental for Nos. 1 to 31 is set down at 20 shillings a year. Nos. 32 and 33 were rented to James Richardson for 35 shillings. The rental for Nos. 34 to 37 was 17/6 each. The holders had changed somewhat,: No.7 being assigned to Joseph Anderson; No.8 to "Widow"' Herchmer; No.10 to John Everett; No.12 to Thos. Cook & R. Graham; No.14 to "Widow" Heslip; No. 15 to J. Darley, J. Ferris; No. 16 to J. Fleming & Wm. Ashley; No. 17 to John Grant; No.21 to J. Ferguson; No. 24 to D. Brass; No.27 to Natl. Lines; No.28 to E. Ellerbeck & J. Burnett; No.29 to Thos. Sparham; No.30 to J. Stauber; No.31 to E. Burley & Wm. Taylor; Nos. 32 & 33 to Jas. Richardson; No.34 to J. Robins & J. Ainsley; No.35 vacant.
APL 19th, 1802.
Sales of Pews in St. George's Church 6t day of december 1802 say 16 pews: 1 No. 39 William Ross, Esqr. £3-is- 2 42 Robert Walker, pd 2-7- 3 43 Francis Wykott, paid 2-5- 4 44 Capn. Henry Murney, paid 2-10- 5 45 Captain Henry Murney, paid 3-0- 6 49 Captain Poole England * 3-15- 7 50 Captn Theoplus Sampson 2-15- 8 51 Jermyn Patrick, pd 2-7-6 9 52 Patrick Smyth 2-2-6 10 53 Jeremiah Worden 2-2-6 11 1 Capt. Thomas Paxton, paid 2-15- 12 2 Peter Smyth, Esqr., paid by J. Russell 3-0- 13 3 Jas. Russell, Junior, Pd 4-0-0 14 6 Thomas Humphry, pd 2-2-6 15 7 Edward Walker 2-2-6 16 8 Emanuel Ellerbeck, pd 2-12-6 17 54 John Ferguson (10/- paid in part) £43-12-6 Subject to a Rent of 10/- per year 44-12-6 [*Declan Barron has further information on Poole England.] "Conditions on which the pews in St George's Church were sold, upon 6th day of December, 1802, viz.: "That each owner of a pew shall be subject to pay a rent of One pound currency Annually commencing on Easter Monday in Each year, until further regulations be made by the proprietors, but they are only holden for that proportion of a year between this and Easter Monday next, at which period they will commence yearly. "It is also understood that Purchasers will Make payment on demand. And that should any Proprietor or Proprietors neglect or refuse payments of their Pew Rent or Rents when due, it shall be lawful for the then Church Wardens, or their Successors, to dispose of the Pews of such delinquent or delinquents at Publick Sale to pay such Rent or Rents as may be due, giving fifteen days' previous notice by Publick Advertisement. John Kirby Church Wardens." James Robins
APRIL 11th, 1803.
"Pew rents at the stated prices amounted yearly to £50, 5, 0." The following, of the same date, is the last list of pewholders given in Dr. Stuart's time. Pews 1 to 31 and 39 to 53 brought in 20/ per annum; pews 32 to 37, 17/6; 54, in the Gallery, 10/. Nos 9 and 38 paid no rent, being reserved for the Governor and Rector respectively. No. 1 Captain Thomas Paxton 28 Thomas Burnett 2 James Russell, Junior 29 Thomas Sparham 30 John Stauber 31 William Brayley 3,4Peter Smith, Esqr. Joseph Prichard 5 Allan McLean, Esqr 6 Thomas Humphry 7 Edward Walker 32,33 Captn. James Richardson 8 Emmanuel Ellerbeck 34 James Robinson 9 Governors Samuel Ansley 10 John Everitte 35 Henry Cassidy 11 William Atkinson, Esqr. 36 Michael Grass 12 Thomas Cook, Senr. 37 Christopher Fornyea 13 William Stoughton 38 Revd. Doctor Stuart 14 John Cannon 39 William Ross, Esqr. 15 John Darley ) 40 John Bayne John Ferris 41 John Cumming, Esqr. 42 Robert Watker 16 John Horning 43 Francis Wycott William Ashley 44 Henry Murney 17 John Grant 45 Doctor Gamboll 18 Richard Cartwright, Esqr. 19 " " 46 Mrs. Herchmer 47 Captn. Jos. Anderson 20 Philip Pember 48 Mrs. Macaulay 21 John Ferguson 49 Captn. Poole England * 22 James Robins 50 Captn. Theo. Sampson 23 James Russell, Snr 51 Jermyn Patrick 24 David Brass 52 Patrick Smyth 25 Joseph Forsyth, Esqr. 53 Jeremiah Worden 26 Thomas Markland, Esqr. Pews in the Gallery, viz. 27 Nathaniel Lines 54 John Ferguson, Esqr. [*Declan Barron has further information on Poole England.] A list of rentals received in 1809 contains the following new names without the numbers of the pews for which the money was paid- Mrs. Robison, Mr. Kirby, Mr. Moses Rogers, Mrs. C. Trump, Lt. Smith, Boatsn Shaw ("or Burrys Pew"), H. Baker, S. Pouset (or Ponset), J. Size, Mr. Stober (Stauber), Duglas, Bartlot, Wm. Patrick, Thos. Deacon, Anthy Dernil, Andw Denike, Mrs. Humphries. In this list Messrs. Everett, David Brass, and Murney are also given the title Capt.
APRIL 15th, 1805.
"Pews from 32 to 37 inclusive to pay 15/ yearly in future."
Record of Baptisms of St. George's Kingston.
Baptisms solemnized by the Revd. Dr. John Stuart of Kingston and Extracted from a private register in order that a record of the same may not be lost. GEORGE OKILL STUART, Minister of Kingston. Decr. 31, 1812. 1784-173 Baptisms, in Montreal and elsewhere. Stuart, Jane*-D. of Revd. J. Stuart and Jane, his Wife; Baptized Octr. 28th. *In the face of the facts already adduced from Stuart's own letters and Mr. Markland's testimony, this entry and the next following cannot he taken as cvidence that the parish had its beginning at a date earlier than July, 1785. Like her sisters Mary and Ann, Jane Stuart was ordered 400 acres of land when she should marry or come of age. (U. C. Land Book, C. and D.) She died unmarried at Kingston on the 15th of March, 1815, and was buried in the family plot in St. Paul's Churchyard. 1785-51 Baptisms to October 1. Cartwright, James*-S. of Richd. Cartwright, Esqre., and Magdalen, his wife; Sp.-Rev. J. Stuart and Jane Stuart; Jany. 9th. *In the Revd. John Langhorn's handwriting, under date of October 10, 1811, occurs the entry: "James Cartwright, of Kingston, was interred." The two entries are a corrective to the family monument in St. Paul's Churchyard, which gives May 23, 1786, and November 8, 1811, as the dates respectively of his birth and of his death. He was educated by Mr. Strachan and studied Law in Quebec. Refusing Government employment, he was called to the Bar of Upper Canada on the 6th of July, 1808. The year before there had been published "The Christian Religion, recommended in a Letter to his Pupils," By the Rev. John Strahan, A.M., Minister of Cornwall, Upper Canada. It contained a Dedication, "To Mr. Andrew Stuart and Mr. James Cartwright, Students at Law, the following Letter is inscribed as a mark of esteem, By their sincere Friend, John Strachan." Public Archives of Canada. He was handsomely remembered in the will of the Hon. James McGill, of Montreal, after whom, probably, he was called. If he had lived long enough to accept the bequest, he would have had to assume the name and the arms of McGill in order to enjoy it. The will, which hears date January 8, 1811, became effective only in 1813. The Hon. Richard Cartwright, who was one of the executors, was not able to reach Montreal to appear with the other executors when the will was being proved, on December 30, but he made a separate appearance on February 2, 1812. Bursar's Office, McGill University, and The Arhives, City Hall, Montreal. Stuart, Andrew*-S. of Rev d. John Stuart and Jane Stuart; Sp.-Richard Cartwright, Esqre., and Helena Cartwright; Dec. 7th. *Andrew Stuart was the youngest son of Dr. and Mrs. Stuart. He and his brothers, except the eldest, were educated by Mr. Strachan, by whom he and James Cartwright were taken to Quebec when thay were about to begin the study of Law. (Scadding Collection, B. 116, Toronto Reference Library.) On November 5, 1807, he was called to the Bar of Lower Canada, whero he made his name. In 1810 he defended the Hon. Mr. Justice Bedard. In 1815 he was elected to represent the Lower Town of Quebec in the House of Assembly. This and the Upper Town in turn he represented almost continuously till 1838, when he became Solicitor-General. This office he held till the date of his death, which took place at Quebec on the 21st of February, 1840. From 1824 to 1826 he travelled extensively in Europe. In 1830 he published, at Quebec, a pamphlet on "The United States Boundary," which was published also in Montreal in 1832. Also in 1832 he brought out "A Review of the Proceedings of the Legislature in the Session of 1831." In 1834 be was Chairman of the Constitutional Association and in 1838 a delegate to England to urge the reunion of Upper and Lower Canada. For the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec he wrote "Notes on the Saguenay Country," "Ancient Etruscans," and "Detached Thoughts upon the History of Civilisation." Morgan: Sketches of Celebrated Canadians; Appleton: Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol.6; and Public Archives of Canada. On September 1, 1797, he was ordered 400 acres of land when he should come of age. UC. Land Book C. PP. 214-5; UC. Land Book D. P. 119; and D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. A 6, P. 218. In his will (holograph, 1838), he mentioned two sons, whom he made his heirs and, with his friend Henry Black, his executors. The elder of these sons was known subsequently as Sir Andrew Stuart, Chief Justice of Quebec, and the younger as Henry Stuart, Q.C., of Montreal. Among the descendants of Sir Andrew are the Hon. Senator Beaubien, of Montreal, and Madame Audette, of Ottawa; among those of Mr. Henry Stuart, Lt. Col. Hugh Stewart, C.I. E. and Sir Campbell Stuart, K.B.E. Archives of Montreal and Researches of Mr. Pierre-Georges Roy of Quebec. In the book already referred to Mr. Morgan states that a proposal was made at a pubic meeting held in Quebec, in 1840, to erect a memorial to the Hon. Andrew Stuart, who was much beloved and highly respected. 1786-78 Baptisms to September 26. Robins, Sarah-D. of James & Margaret Rohins; Sp.-Danl. McGuin & Eliz. Oneil; 15th July. 1787-55 Baptisms to August 14. Stuart, Mary*-D. of Rev. J. Stuart and Jane Stuart, his Wife; Sp.-Thos. & Catharine Markland; May 28th. *"Interred Octr. 27th, 1812, Mrs. Mary Jones, Wife of Charles Jones, Esqre, of Brockville, and second daughter of the late Revd. Dr. John Stuart, of Kingston. "Beloved by her Relations and endeared to her acquaintances, they arrive to mourn her Death, whose loss they feel with deep regret; but, sorrowing not as those who have no hope, they submit to the will of God. In humble trust that her fortitude, Patience, Resignation during a long, lingering Illness preceded by the Life of a Christian had prepared her Soul for admission into the presence of her God and Redeemer; she is taken from a state of imperfect happiness to a world of perfect and endless Bliss. G.O.S." Kingston Parish Register. For further particulars regarding Mary Stuart see the note on Jane Stuart ante and the one on Charles Jones in the Marriages section of this Register. Her granddaughter, Mrs. Evans, of Brockville, is the possessor of some very beautiful letters written to and by her sister Jane. 1788-171 Baptisms. Booth, Mary and Sarah-D's. of David and Mary Booth; July 3rd. Hartney, Michael-S. of Patrick and Ann Hartney; Sp.-Thos. Platt, Alexr. Ferguson; July 12. Wortman, Margaret-D. of Peter and Eve Wortman;* Sp.-Michael Grass & his Wife; July 13. *This ought probably to be Wartman, for a yeoman of that name made claim successfully, in 1797, to the West 1/2 of Lot 17, Concession 6, in the Township of Kingston. (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, P 209). Peter Wartman was a Grand Juror in 1810. (Records of the Sessions). McGuire, Ann-D. of Daniel McGuire;* Sp. do. do.; July 13. *This name may possibly have been McGuin, for in 1788 Michael McGuin was appointed Coroner for the District of Mecklenburg. In Mr. Cartwright's correspondence appears the name of Lieut. McGin. Kryderman, Jacob Wright-S. of Michl. and Mary Kryderman; Sp.-Jno. Greensmith & Wife; 18 July. Rosseau, Elizabeth-D. of Jno. Bapt. Rosseau* & Margaret Clytre (or Clyne?); July 29. *Through Mr. H. R. Holmden, keeper of the maps in the Public Archives of Canada, Rousseau (the correct form of the name) has been identified as St. John, who lived at the mouth of the Humber and who is mentioned at length by Miss K. M. Lizars in her Valley of the Humber. He was a merchant and trader, who was ready, according to Mr. D. W. Smith's account books, to cash drafts presented to him by district surveyors. Merchants were the bankers of those days. On July 12, 1796, his application for an addition to the 500 acres granted him "as Indian Interpreter" during the late war had been referred to His Ex. cellency by the Land Committee of Council (U. C. Land Book B. P.90). From Q 282, 2, PP 404-405, it appears that it was between the years 1775 and 1786 that he had acted as interpreter. He asked for 500 acres between York and Lake Simeoe with another thousand elsewhere, so as to make up 2000, but the request was refused. In an entry of October 4, 1796, (Q 285, P 241) there is mention of "Mr. St. John's old house at the Humber" in connection with 20 acres which were to be leased to Mr. John Dennis. Merkill, Abraham-S. of John & Hannah Merkill; August 1. Fairman, Henry-S. of John and Elizabeth Fairman; August 16. 1789-60 Baptisms. Robins, James-S. of James & Margaret Robins; Sp.-Richd. Cartwright, Senr. & William Robins,-Sarah Richardson; 3 May. Tindel, Mary-D. of Robert and Sarah Tindel; Sp.-Francis Hunter, Jane Gray & Hanah (sic) Campbell; Decr. 6th. 1790-144 Baptisms. Osser, Samuel-S. of Gilbert and Sarah Osser; Sp.-Christopher and Phoebe Georgen; Feby. 23d. Breakenridge, James-S. of James & Ann Breakenridge; March 13th. Powers, Edward-S. of Edward and Margaret Powers; Sp.-Richd. Campbell & Margaret Cook; May 3d. Stuart, Ann*-D. of Revd. J. Stuart and Jane, his Wife; June 25th. *See the notes on Jane and Mary Stuart; also the entry of Ann's own marriage and the note upon it. 1791-203 Baptisms in the second six months. McIntosh, William-S. of Donald and Margaret McIntosh ;* Sp.-Philip Pember and Hannah Campbell; May 3d. *According to a letter written by the Hon. R. Cartwright to the firm of McTavish, Frobisher & Co., of Montreal, there was on September 4, 1801, a Mr. McIntosh representing them in Kingston. Whether he was identical with this man is another question. (Cartwright Letter Book. Shortt Collection). Arkland,* Dederick Richard-S. of Dederick and Ann Arkland; Sp.-Captn. Richard Porter, Charles Athiss; May 29th. *The variants of this name appear to be Ackland and Alkland. Claus,* Deborah, Susan Elizabeth-Ch. of Jas. Gasper Claus and Deborah Claus; Sp.-Jno. Gaspar Claus & Henry Rimmerman; June 15th. *This German name, like Brand, Brandt, or Brant, appears often in connection with the family of Sir William Johnson. See Note on Mrs. Mary Brand. Lewis, Thomas-S. of William & Elizabeth Lewis; Sp.-Susan Elizabeth Classerhold, Thomas and Margaret Cook; June 15th. Stinson, William Johnson-S. of William & Eleanor Stinson;* Sp.-John Ferguson & Susan Johnson; July 21t. *If one were guessing, it would seem from the name of the child and from those of the sponsors that there was here a close connection between the Stinsons and the Johnson-Brant family. Keaton, Archibald-S. of John & Mary Keaton (or Kayton); Sp.-John O'Brian & Jane Gray; Octr. 23d. Connor, James-S. of James & Elizabeth Connor (private Baptism); Novr. 9. Birch, James-S. of Thomas & Isabella Birch; Sp.-George MacLarren & Mary McCulloch; Novr. 27th. Cannore, Sarah, James David, Martha, John, & Mary-Ch. of John and Sarah Cannore;* Decr. 12th. *This name, from the uncertainty of the writing, may be Cannon. On April 25, 1809, John and Sarah Cannon appeared before the magistrates at the Quarter Sessions, as was then the custom, to bar her dower, on transferring Lots 120 and 135 in Kingston to Charles Stuart (Record of the Sessions). On May 7, 1797, he had been granted Lots 182 and 205 in town (U.C. Land Book B, P. 240). From the Sessions Records it is clear that be was the Gaoler in 1794 and High Constable in 1798 and 1800, the salary attached to the former office being £10 per annum. It will be remembered that he was Clerk, Sexton, and Bell Ringer between 1792 and 1801. 1792-113 Baptisms. Robins, Henry-S. of James & Margaret Robins; Sp.-Willm. Atkinson, Peter Smith, Margaret Johnson; 16 April. Russel, Marianne-D. of Robt. & Mary Russel[l] ; Sp.-Jos. Howard, & Edwd. Callaghan, Eliz. Howard, Ann Callaghan; Kingston, Sepr. 2d. Miniker,* John-S. of Fredk. & Margaret Miniker; Sp.-Eve Cholette, Margt. Miniger (sic); do. Sepr. 2d. *In this entry and in the next but two are found three ways of spelling this name. Sherife, William-S. of Wm. & Margaret Sherife (Sheriff). Sp.-Wm. White, & Geo. Johnson, Mary Jacobs; do. Sepr. 2d. Bongard, Anne Margaret-D. of John & Mary Bongard; Sp.-Fredk., Ann, & Margaret Mineker (sic); do. Novr. 4th. 1793-192 Baptisms. Horsfall, Sarah-D. of Joseph & Margaret Horsfall; Sp.-Wm. White, & Dorothy Benson; do. Feby. 3. Pember, Eleanor-D. of Philip & Martha Pember; Sp.-Emanuel & Sarah Elderbeck; do. Feby. 3. Cartwright, Hannah*-D. of Richard & Magdalen Cartwright; Sp.-Thos. and Catharine Markland; do. Feby. 3. *According to the family monument in St. Paul's Churchyard, she was born December 25, 1792 and died December 21, 1812. She appears in Mr. Strachan's list of pupils at his school in Kingston. (Strachan Papers). Ellerbeck ??- ?? of Emanuel & Sarah Ellerbek; Sp.-Thos. & Margaret Burnett; do. Feby. 3. Wortman, Catharine-D. of Peter & Eva Wortman (Wartman); Sp.-Jno. & Catharine Horning; do. Feby. 10th. Henry, ??- ?? of Danl. & Mary Henry; Sp.-Edwd. Callaghan, Ann Callaghan; do. March 3d. Russell, Abigail-D. of James & Mary Russell; private Bapm.; do. Feby. 2Oth. Ainsley,* Daniel-S. of Amos & Christina Ainsley; Sp.-Christr. Georgen, Geo. Young, Christina Ainsley; do. March 3d. *As before noted, this name appears likewise as Aensley and Ansley. Dawson, Elizabeth-D. of James* and Leah Dawson; Sp.-James Behman** & Dorothy Stover; do. April 7th. *Mr. J. Ross Robertson gives him as joining Lodge No.6 A.F. & A.M. in 1795 (History of Freemasonry in Canada). **This name has apparently the following variants-Bayman, Baymans, Beeman, Bemans. Costar,* Eleanora-D. of Francis & Sarah Costar; Sp.-Richd. Cartwright, Senr., Hanna (sic) Cartwright. Senr.; do. Apl. 7th. *This name ought evidently to be Costa. Francis Costa prayed for, and was granted, 1200 acres of land on July 8, 1794 (D. W. Smith Papers Vol. B. II, P. 55, and Q Series 282, 2, P. 419) In Vol 57, 2, of the Q Series it appears, at pages 479-482, that Mr. Costa had gone home to lay his case before the authorities there. From his Statement and that of Major-General Simcoe, of November 24, 1796, as contained in Vol. 282, 2, of the Q Series (P. 587) it is clear that he was one of the innocent sufferers from the disagreements which arose between the Major-General and Lord Dorchester, not forgetting the complications caused by Sir John Johnson and his disappointment at not being made Lieutenant-Governor of the Province. Mr. Costa, who had performed various services during the Siege of Minorca in 1781, received, on the 31st of December, 1791 a patent of appointment as Clerk to the Naval, or Navy, Board of Upper Canada at a salary of £100 per annum. On his arrival in the Province, however, he found, as he said in his petition, that there was already a person attending to the duties of his office, this person holding his appointment from Sir John Johnson, who, prior to the division of the Province of Quebec, had been Inspector of the Inland Navigation. Judging from the Estimates for the Civil Government of Upper Canada, Set out on page 519 of Q 283, 2 he received his salary so late as 1796; but, without the fees of the office, or an increase in the amount of the salary, he found it impossible to live and to support his family. His wife pressed his claims after his death. Denike, Catharine-D. of Andw. & Catharine Denike; Sp.-Wm. and Ann Curtis; Kingston, Apl. 14. Edgar, Jennett-D. of Jno. & Jane Edgar; do. Apl. 21. Hollingsworth, Margaret-D. of Jno. & Margaret Hollingsworth; Sp.-Ann Callaghan, Hannah Cartwright; do. May 5th. Merrils, William*-S. of Saml. & Mary Merrils (Merrill) Sp.William Stoughton & Ann Gray; do. June 9th. *See the note on John Stoughton. The two were pupils of the Revd. Mr. Winterlaw, a Minister of the Established Church of Scotland. MacLean, Harriet-D. of Allan* & Harriet MacLean; Sp.-Neal & Mary MacLean; Sepr. 1. *Allan McLean was one of the Barristers admitted by the Law Society of Upper Canada under the authority of a Statute of the Legislature, he being enrolled on the 7th of July, 1794, together with Messrs. D. W. Smith, Richard Barnes Tickell, Angus McDonell, and James Clark, Jr. (Roll of the U.C. Law Society, Osgoode Hall, and Q 280, I, p. 245). As a Barrister, he was granted 1200 acres of land, that being the quantity regularly granted to barristers and to clergymen as well, whether they were Anglicans, Roman Catholics, or Presbyterians. He acted for the Stuart children in the prosecution of their petition for land before the Executive Council. In Vol. B 10 of the D. W. Smith Papers, P. 294, be is represented as having his claim for Lot 10, Concession 2, and for the East 1/2 of Lot 30, Concession I, in the Township of Pittsburgh, allowed. The former had been drawn originally by Phoebe Georgen and the latter by John Duncan. In this same volume of the Smith Papers he appears as Secretary of the Land Claims Board of the Midland District, which sat in the closing years of the 18th century and in the early years of the 19th. He was Clerk of the Sessions, according to the Records. In the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Parliaments of the Province he sat as Member for Frontenac, from 1804 to 1824. In the sixth and seventh he was Speaker of the House; and as such he, in 1812, signed the address on the war issued to the inhabitants of the Province (Kingston Gasette). In the note on Mr. Markland it has been pointed out that Mr. McLean was a trustee for the Lancasterian School, the market, and the hospital. Mrs. McLean, as the wife of a Barrister, received 600 acres of land; and this is no isolated instance of such a grant (U. C. Land Book B, P. 238 Entry for March 7, 1797). "As Devisee of her late Father," Niel (sic) McLean, Assistant Commissary General, she was recommended, on November 18, 1797, for 3000 acres inclusive" (U. C. Land Book C, p. 287). Ashley, William*-S. of William & Margaret Ashley; Sp.-Geo. & Catharint Galloway; 16th March. *From Q 282, I, PP 263 and 331, it appears that he had been a soldier in the 34th Regt. and had been discharged at Quebec. Upon a recommendation from Mr. Collins, he had taken up land near his father-in-law. He had lived on it for six years, building a house and clearing 20 acres, but had not received a certificate of occupation in 1792 and 1793. His prayer for a grant of this land was referred to the Land Board in the former year and to the Acting Surveyor-General in the latter. In 1797 he was a Constable to attend the Grand Jury at the April Sessions. Lamoine,* Edward William-S. of Henry and Susan Lamoine; Sp.-Edwd. Frazer, Ann Johnson; do. March 3Oth. *See note on Mrs. Mary Brand. Loyd, Elizabeth-D. of Jno. & Ann Loyd; Sp.-Francis & Elizabeth Pawley; Kingston, 3Oth March. Higgins, Sarah-D. of Jno. & Sarah Higgins; Sp.-Jno. Darley, Jno. Grewer; April 13th. Here is entered Marriage No. 354, in 1819:-Omitted in its proper place." Russell, Margaret-D. of James and Lucy Russell; Sp.-Francis Costar, Elizabeth Thompson, Maria Costar; Kingston, May 25. Dawson, William-S. of James* & Leah Dawson; Sp.-Robert and Hannah Graham; do. June 1st. *James Dawson served as a town constable in 1797-8, Records of the Sessions. Stoughton, John*-S. of William & Ann Stoughton; Sp.-James & Jane Beeman; do. 15 June. *Between 1816 and 1819 the S.P.G., on the recommendation of the Right Revd. Jacob Mountain, and previously of Dr. Strachan, made yearly grants of £50 to young Canadians to enable them to study for the ministry, they being placed under the care and guidance of some clergyman, with whom they, generally speaking, lived. Of these men thus aided the earliest were John Stoughton, William Macaulay, Romaine Rolph, and William Merrill. The first and the last were under the care of Mr. George Okill Stuart, till Stoughton succeeded Macaulay in Dr. Strachan's household at York and Merrill interrupted his studies by going to teach school at Sandwich. They were all ready for ordination in 1819, Stoughton being recommended by Strachan for Ernesttown, which had been served temporarily, and not too frequently, by the Revd. John Wilson, of Kingston. Stoughton earned from Strachan the following commendation: He is a most excellent young man, whose attainments will give great satisfaction, and from whose lahours I promise myself much comfort." Writing again to the Bishop two months later, Strachan said of the young ordinand: "Mr. Stoughton is an uncommonly fine young man & will I promise myself, acquit himself to Your Lordship's satisfaction." (Scadding Collection B 116, T.P.L.) On June 13, 1821, being then Incumbent of Bath, he married Maria Hagerman, the record of the marriage being No. 424 in Archdeacon Stuart's Register. Hollingsworth, Ann-D. of John & Margaret Hollingsworth; Sp.-Willm. Jackson, Cath. Jackson, Mary Henry; do. 22 [June]. Lenoy,* George-S. of John & Susan Lenoy; Sp.-Jno. McDonald, Hannah Buck; do. 22 [June] *Lenoy. This name seems to have many variants, the Rector not possessing that familiarity with the French language which two of his sons and many of their descendants possessed. Among these variants in the Register are found Leney, Lenay, Lenier, Lenois, Liney, Launoy, Lounier (if not also Lomier), Loney, Lonoy, Lunois. Canon, Abraham-S. of Jno. & Sarah Canon (Cannon); Sp.-Chris. Georgen & Mary Haslip; do. Sepr. 8th. Muir, Elizabeth-D. of William and Mary Muir; Sp.-Alexr. MacDonald, Mary Haslip; do. Sepr. 8. Kayton, Sarah-D. of John & Sarah Kayton (Keaton); Sp.-Jno. & Dorothy Stover; do. Novr. 10th. Beeman, Catharine-D. of James* & Jane Beeman (also Bayman or Beyman) Sp.-Christina Gray, Wm. & Ann Stoughton; do. Decr. 22d. *He appears in tho Hisiory of Freemasonry In Canada as a member of Lodge No. 6 in 1794. 1794-58 Baptisms. Burnett, Matthew-S. of Jno. & Eliz. Burnett; Sp.-Thos. Burnet, Eman. Ellerbeck, Sarah do.; March 9th. Warner, Phoebe-D. of Jno. & Rachel Warner; Sp.-Richard Mooney, Mary Murrel; 9th March. Galloway, Rachel-D. of Geo.* and Catharine Galloway; Sp.-William & Margaret Ashley; 16th March. *George Galloway petitioned for land as a former officer, under Orders in Council of October 28, 1788 and July 21, 1790. "Ordered that Petition be granted, if he can shew a Commission as Captain of Associated Loyalists."(Quebec Land Book, Upper Canada, P 373). Jones, Mary-D. of Henry & Margaret Jones; Sp.-Wm. Norfolk, Elizabeth Proudfoot; do. 29 [June]. Adkin, Susannah-D. of Danl. Allen Adkin & Elizabeth Adkin; Alexr. McDonnel, Jane Howland; do. 29 [June]. McCracken, Hugh-S. of Archibald & Isabella McCracken; Sp.-William Eaken, Eleanor Steel; do. July 6th. Macaulay, William*-S. of Robert & Ann Macaulay; Sp.-Revd. Jno. Stuart, Richd. Cartwright, Jnr., Magdalene Cartwright; do. Sepr. 7th. *William Macaulay was born on August 9, 1794 and was educated at Dr. Strachan's school at Cornwall, and at Oxford. As already noted in speaking of Stoughton, he received a grant from the S.P.G. and was under the care of Dr. Strachan at York in the intervening period. On his ordination in 1819 he was appointed to the mission of Hamilton Township, the original of the parish of Cobourg. (Scadding Collection, B 116, T.P.L.) From 1823 to 1870 he was Rector of Picton (S.P.G. and Synod Reports.) He married, first, August 24, 1829, Ann Catharine, daughter of Dr. Geddes, who left no children. Annie, a daughter by his second wife, married in 1876 James Stafford Kirkpatrick. (Chadwick, Ontarian Families.) Milton, Catharine-D. of Thomas* & Mehitahel Milton; Sp.-Joseph & Margaret Horsfall; do. 14th [Sepr]. Milton, Mary-D. of John* & Jane Milton; Sp.-John Arthur & Mary Milton; do. 14 [Sepr]. *John and Thomas Milton were two brothers who came from London, England. Thomas, who was greatgrandfather to Mr. Milton who lives next to St. Mark's Church, Barriefield, had been a Sergeant in the British army. His soldier's grant of land was that now occupied by his grandson, Mr. David Milton, on the Gananoque Road. He and members of his family are buried in the Milton Cemetery, in the front of this farm, opposite Milton Island. He was a Mason and a member of Lodge No. 6 in 1803 (Letter of the Rvd. A. Oldacre Cooke of Barrifield and History ol Freemasonry In Canada). John was a Constable for Pittsburgh in 1797 (Records of the Sessions). Porter, Richard ThomaS*-S. of [Captn] and Dorothy Porter; Sp.-James Latham, Catherine MCDonell; Kingston, Octr. 12. *This baptism is entered twice-firstly, in its proper chronological order by Dr. Stuart and, secondly, on an earlier page by George Okill Stuart, copying from the private register. The earlier entry prefixes "Captn" to the father's name and substitutes "his wife" for "Dorothy Porter." In this same year, 1794, the Surveyor-General was ordered to locate for Capt. Porter 1200 acres in the Township of Ameliasburg, if vacant (Q 282, 2, PP 393-4). On the same day, June 14, he was refused 1 acre square adjoining a point known as Annesley's Point, in the Town of Kingston, which had hitherto been reserved for erecting a work of defence (U.C. Land and State Book A, P 165). He was a J.P., as appears from the records of the Sessions, and an officer of the 60 Regt. (Cartwright Letter Book, Shortt Collection). On July 7, 1791, Mr. Cartwright, acting in the capacity of agent for the merchants in the trade on the Lake, wrote to him a letter of protest against an order from Col. Gordon to prevent any private vessel from sailing from Kingston except under orders and convoy of one of H.M. armed vessels. Col. Gordon's message had been carried, apparently, by Capt. Porter to Capt. David Betton, Senior Naval Officer on Lake Ontario. On August 7, 1794, he was installed as W.M. of Lodge No.6 A.F. & A.M. McDonell, Elizabeth-D. of Angus McDonell & Margaret Fox;* Sp.-Christopher Georgen, Lucretia Morden; do. do. *The Rector was not uniform in his method of making entries, not infrequently giving only the maiden name of the wife and mother. This, apparently, is what he did in this case. Merrill, Charles-S. of Samuel & Mary Merrill; Sp.-Peter Grass, Lucretia Morden; [Octr] 19th. Durlett, Mary-D. of William & Mary Durlett; Sp.-William* & Elvira Norfolk; do., do. *William Norfolk, whose surname appears at times as Norfork, was accepted as a member of Lodge No. 6 A.F. & A.M. in 1794 (History of Freemasonry in Canada). Wilson, Mathew Salsbury-S. of George & Mary Wilson; Sp.-Luke Tully & Margt. Miniker; do., do. Wortman, Elizabeth-D. of Peter & Eve Wortman (Wartman); Sp.-William & Hannah Good; do. Novr. 9th. Burley, Emmerson-S. of Emmerson & Aimable Burley*; Sp.-James & Jane Robinson; do. Decr. 7th. *At the Sessions held at Kingston on April 23, 1811, Amable Burley was a complainant against Edward Walker on the ground of his keeping a disorderly house and allowing Minor Children to play cards and tipple therein, but the magistrates acquitted the accused. Georgen, James-S. of Christopher & Phoebe Georgen; Sp.-Cornelius Peck & Lucretia Morden; do. [Decr.] 14th. 1795.-27 Baptisms. Ballond, Jude-S. of Jeanson Ballond & Elizabeth do.; Sp.-John & Jane Henderson; do. Jany 11th. Spinks, Mary-D. of James & Elizabeth Spinks; Sp.-Thomas & Ann Giles, Hannah Arkland; [Jany 11th]. Grooms, Hannah, D's. & S. of Elijah & Rebecca Grooms; Richard, Zepponiah, Sp.-Terrence Dunn, Rebecca Perkins; Margaret, do. Here have been inserted by George Okill Stuart "Marriages in 1818," being Nos. 319-323 of his own Register. Winterbottom, Pamela-D. of Samuel & Sarah Winterbottom; Sp.-John Mortimer, Alex. Wortman (Wartman), Ann Bailey; St. George's, Kingston, Jany. 18. Coteur, Mary-D. of Steph(e)n Coteur & Mary Coteur; Sp.-Chareles (Sic) Marand, Eliz La Mothe; do. Jany. [18]. Ranseer, Andrew-S. of William & Elizabeth Ranseer; Sp.-Geo. & Catharine Galloway; do. do. 25th. Herkimer, Hanzoost-S. of Nicholas & Charlotte Herkimer (Herchmer); Sp.-Hanzoost & Mary Herkimer; do. Feb. 1. Denike, Mary-D. of Andrew & Catharin Denike; Sp.-John O'Brian, Martha Bird; do. do. Knight, Mahlon-S. of Mahlon & Rachel Knight; Sp.-Chrisr Georgen, Peter Wortman (Wartman), Catharine Denike; do. do. Dawson, Rachel-D. of James & Leah Dawson; Sp.-Allen & Eliza Adkin; do. do. Buck, Elizabeth-D. of Geo. & Hannah Buck; Sp.-Fredk. Buck, Cath Snook; do. do. Ferris, Mary-D. of *John & Christina Ferris; Sp.-**Wm. Mackay, Christina Ainsley (Ansley); do. 15 Feby. *John Ferris was a Road Master for the years 1794 and 1795. Records of the Sessions. **There are somewhat extended references to Lieut. Mackay in the late Mr. John Ross Robertson's History of Freemasonry in Canada, at pages 544 and 573. He was installed as S.W. on August 7, 1794, on the establishment of Lodge No. 6 and in 1797 he was D.G.S. At his funeral, which was held from the Court House, an oration was delivered by Bro. Patrick. The date of that event as given by Mr. Robertson differs from that which appears in the Parish Regisier. In the latter it may be either the 13th or the 18th of March, 1801 in the History it is the 19th. Apparently his personal affairs were in some confusion, for three of the brethren were appointed to look into them. On May 9, 1800, the Hon. R. Cartwright had written to the Hon. R. Hamilton in regard to the mortgage from Mackay to "our late firm" and, as a preliminary to putting it into the form of a legal lien upon the property therein specified, he had requested Mr. Hamilton to make a formal assignment to himself (Cartwright Letter Book, Shortt Collection). On May 27, 1794, a petition had been presented in Council on his behalf for "a Piece of Land about the usual Size of a Town Lot, situated on the West side of a Lot lately laid out for the Kingston Brewery, to be bounded on the North by the said Brewery on the East by a small run of Water, on the South by the Common, & on the West by the top Bank" (U.C. Land and State Book A, P. 140). Evans, John-S. of Thos. & Sarah Evans; Sp.-John Beard, Hanna Rivins; 15 Feby. Walker, Jane-D. of Edward* & Christina Walker; Sp.-John Stover, Dorothy Do.; [Feby 15th]. *In 1797 Edward Walker was granted Lot 118 in town. He appears with, Major Fuller and Mr. Gavin M. Hamilton as one of the managers of the first Kingston Assembly, advertized in the Gazette to be held on Tuesday, December 31, 1811.-"Dancing to commence at 7 O'clock." Walker's Tavern is said to have been the original of the British American Hotel. See the note on Amable Burley. Tindal, Robert-S. of Robert and Sarah Tindal; Sp.-David Whiteman & Elizabeth Do.; do. Here occurs the entry of three baptisms and of three marriages in 1818, belonging to George Okill Stuart's Register. Franklin, Juliette-D. of Joseph & Margaret Franklin; Sp.-Thos. Sparham, Junr., Ann Sparham; March 8th. Henry, Ann-D. of Dominick and Mary Henry; Sp.-Edward and Christy Walker; do. April 12. Pirkiss, Ann-D. of William & Rebecca Pirkiss; Sp.-John & Ann Muirhead; do. do. 19th.
Baptisms, 1795.
Wood, Elizabeth-D. of Samuel Wood, Françoise Wood; Sp.-John & Isabella Armitage; [April] 26. Steel, George Thomas-S. of Thomas & Agnes Steel; Sp.-Wm. Burrell,* Isabella Burch; do. May 10. *William Burrell was installed as Junior Warden of Lodge No. 6 A.F. & A.M. on August 7, 1794 (History of Freemasonry in Canada). Henderson, Arthur-S. of John & Jane Henderson; Sp.-Peter Lenois, Mary Cook; do. do. 24. Fairfield, Sebarah Ann-D. of Archibald* & Mary Fairfield; Sp.-Dougall Gray, Sebarah Fairfield, Jane Howland; do. do. June 7th. *A yeoman from the State of New York, he was allowed his claim for the West 1/2 of Lot 6, Concession 1 in Ernesttown in 1797 (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol B 10). Mr. Robertson gives in the work so often quoted a picture of the Fairfield homestead. He possibly is the man referred to in the Cartwright Lettor Book, Shortt Collection) in correspondence with the Hon. John McGill, Commissary-General, and with the firm of J. & A. McGill of Montreal, in 1799 and 1801. though in the latter year there is also a letter to Messrs. B. Fairfield & Co., who did business in Ernesttown. On the 14th of August, 1795, a man of the same name, if not he himself, petitioned for a water lot at Kingston. This having been previously granted to Messrs. Seymour & Hunter, merchants, the petition was referred to the Surveyor-General for report (U. C. Land and State Book A. P. 305). Higgins, John-S. of John & Isabel Higgins; Sp.-John Harbet, Richd. Harford, Ellen Sangster; do. do. [June] 21. Cannon, Ann-D. of John & Sarah Cannon; Sp.-Joseph Sebara, Martha Bird; do. July 19. Ansley, Samuel-S. of Amos & Christine Ansley; Sp.-James Beman, Christian Ferris; do. Augt. 16. Grooms, Rebeckah-An adult; W.-T. Pember, Sarah Richardson; do. Sep 13. Pember, Sarah-D. of Th. Pember, Martha Pember; Sp.- R. MaCaulay & Sarah Margaret Robins Richardson; [Sep.13]. Good, Mary Ann-D. of William* & Hannah Good; Sp.-Thomas & Margaret Burnet; Oct. 4th. *Wil]iam Good was a constable for the town in 1796, his appointment being recorded in the Minutes of the Sessions on April 14. Russell, Ann-D. of James & Lucy Russell; Sp.-James & Jane Beeman; Oct. 11th. Burnett, Hannah-D. of Jno. & Elizabeth Burnett; Sp.-William & Hannah Good; do. do. Hervey, Edward-S. of Alexander & Charlotte Hervey; Sp.-John Walter, Jas. McCulloch, Ann Spindler; Novr. 8th. Goreham, William Henry-S. of Jonathan* & Sophia Goreham; Sp.-Willm. Coffin & Henry Lamoine; Novr. 15. *Jonathan Gorham joined Lodge No. 6 in 1795 (History of Freemasonry in Canada). The name is spelled variously Goram, Gorham, Goreham. Henry, Susanna-D. of Valentine & Mary Henry; Sp.-Mattw Mitchell, Catha[ri]ne McLelland; do. Arkland, Charles-S. of De[de]rick and Ann Arkland; Sp.-Bemsley Paton, Margaret McGrath; Decr 13th. 1793.-38 Baptisms. Merril[l], Mary-D. of Samuel & Mary Merril; Sp.-Thos Plummer, Mary Oniel, Alida Robins; Jany 10th. Crysler, Levina-D. of Frederick & Paphia (or, possibly, Sophia) Crysler; Sp.-George Sawyer, Levina Howe; Jany 17th. Sibly, Joseph-S. of Gilbert & Sarah Sibly; Sp.-John Mozier, Robt Brown, Eliz Brown; 31st Jany. Grant, James-S. of John* & Frances Grant; Sp.-Robt MaCaulay, Jonathan Goram, Sarah Wilkins; Feby. 14th. *To identify John Grant has been very difficult, even though the name appears on the plan of the town and of the township. Some men of the same name who were granted land in the immediate vicinity of Kingston had been officers in tbe 114th (Royal Highland Emigrants) Regt. A John Grant claimed in 1797 Lots 19 and 20 on the East side of the Grand River Cataraqui, which were decided to be in Pittsburgh (D. W. Smith Papers, Vol. B 10, PP 167 and 222). In all probability, the John Grant mentioned in this baptismal entry appears rather frequently in Mr. Cartwright's Letter Book (Shortt Collection). From the letters written to him Messrs. J. & A. McGill. and Messrs. McTavish, Frobisher & Co., it appears he was in the trading and shipping business at least in the years 1797 to 1801. In the letter of August 12, 1799, Mr. Cartwright refuses to let him have flour at $3 1/2 when he can get $4 for it; and he complains of the way in which the stoves had been sent. In July, 1801, Grant is to deliver to the McGills 30 bbls of flour "in Town without having any Thing to demand of you for them." Frequently it would appear as though such consignments were delivered only at Lachine or, at farthest, at the "Water Gate," Montreal. McKay, Flora-D. of Daniel & Sarak (Sic) McKay; Sp.-Alexr & Jane McDonell; Feby 28th. Stoughton, James-S. of William & Ann Stoughton; Sp.-John Bailey, Ann Bailey; March 20th. Here appear 3 Roblins entries for 1786, 1789, and 1792, which see Russell, Jennet-D. of James & Lucy Russell; Sp.-Michael & Margt. Grass; Apr 3. Stagg, George-S. of Parker & Jane Stagg; Sp.-Thomas Steel, Ann Spenloe; [April] 10th. Burley, Lydia-D. of Emmerson & Aimable Burley; Sp.-Francis & Mary Wykoff (or Wykott); 17th [April]. Burley, William-S. of Emmerson & Aimable Burley; Sp.-Henry & Elizabeth Cassady; 17th [April]. MacDonnel, Flora-D. of Alexander & Jennet McDonel; Sp.-James & Jane Beeman, & Mary Cook; 24th [April]. Cartwright, Mary*-D. of Richard & Magdalene Cartwright; Sp.-George Forsyth,** Mary MacLean; do. *On the family monument in St. Paul's Churchyard she is given the additional name of Magdalen. She was born on the 26th of February. On the 17th of February, 1814, she married at Kingston, Commander A. T. Dobbs, grandfather of the venerable Archdeacon Dobbs. She died January 4, 1839. **He was a merchant, first of all in Newark (Niagara), and, later, in York (Toronto). He was granted 1200 acres on August 14, 1795 (D. W. Smith Papers) Vol. B. 11, 100), and a Town lot in Newark (Ibid B. 5, 35). His name appears in B. 13 as paying and making drafts for and on members of the Surveyor-General's staff. Apparently he was a brother of Joseph Forsyth. Brass, William-S. of David & Mary Magdalene Brass; Sp.-William Atkinson, Mary Atkinson; May 8. McClelland, Anne-D. of Archd. McClelland, Catharine Do.; Sp.John Hughes, Ann Hughes; 24 July. Smith, David John-S. of Peter & Ann Smith; Sp.-John Cumming, Margaret Cook; 21st Augt. Alberson, Rebekah-D. of William & Elizabeth Alberson; Sp.-Wm. & El. Alberson, Cathn Tenyke; 28 Augt. McCaulay (Macaulay), Robert*-S. of Robert & Ann McCaulay (Macaulay); Sp.-James Latham, Duncan Cameron, Ann McCaulay (Macaulay); 18th Sepr. *He became a barrister and died February 7, 1823. Howel, William-S. of John & Mary Ann Howel; Sp.-John Thorn (or Thom), Elizabeth Shennet; 9th Octr. Lundy, Mary Ann-D. of John & Susanna Lundy; Sp.-Edward Walker & Mary Oneil; 16th [Octr]. Wortman, John-S. of Peter & Eva Wortman (Wartman); Sp.-Saml. Ainsley (Ansley); Hannah Graham; 23rd [Octr.]. Wykoff, Richard-S. of Francis Wykoff (or Wykott), Mary Do.; Sp.-Thos. Plummer, Lucretia Do.; Novr. 27. Continue to PART 2 Return to my main index.